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CSS white-space Property

Published on September 3, 2020
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By Alligator.io
Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
CSS white-space Property

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white-space is a CSS property that helps control how whitespace and line breaks within an element’s text are treated.

The white-space property can take these values:

  • normal: The default value. Multiple whitespaces are collapsed into one. The text wraps to the next line when needed.
  • nowrap: Multiple whitespaces are collapsed into one, but the text doesn’t wrap to the next line. We’ve already discussed how to use the nowrap value to prevent line breaks.
  • pre: Same results as using the <pre> where all the whitespaces will be kept as is and the text only wraps when line breaks are in the content.
  • pre-line: Multiple whitespaces are collapsed into one, the text breaks to the next line when needed or with line breaks in the content.
  • pre-wrap: Similar to pre, but the text also wraps when needed.

white-space: normal

Medusafish banded killifish convict blenny saury threadsail beluga sturgeon. Indian mul mora cisco masu salmon, roosterfish requiem shark longnose lancetfish bluefish red snapper Sacramento splittail giant danio.

white-space: nowrap

Medusafish banded killifish convict blenny saury threadsail beluga sturgeon. Indian mul mora cisco masu salmon, roosterfish requiem shark longnose lancetfish bluefish red snapper Sacramento splittail giant danio.

white-space: pre

Here I manually included line breaks and extra spaces. Notice the extra line break at the beginning. That’s because in the markup the text start on the line after the <p> element.

Medusafish banded killifish convict blenny saury threadsail beluga sturgeon. Indian mul mora cisco masu salmon, roosterfish requiem shark longnose lancetfish bluefish red

snapper Sacramento splittail giant danio.

pre-line

Here the text breaks when needed, but I also manually broke the last few words. I included the same extra whitespaces, but they are now collapsed.

Medusafish banded killifish convict blenny saury threadsail beluga sturgeon. Indian mul mora cisco masu salmon, roosterfish requiem shark longnose lancetfish bluefish red snapper Sacramento splittail giant danio.

pre-wrap

Now the extra whitespaces aren’t collapsed.

Medusafish banded killifish convict blenny saury threadsail beluga sturgeon. Indian mul mora cisco masu salmon, roosterfish requiem shark longnose lancetfish bluefish red snapper Sacramento splittail giant danio.

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Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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