Dexilez
By:
Dexilez

About URL extensions at Nginx

November 21, 2015 2k views
Nginx

Hello,

I have a droplet and a website. I can upload my html files to my droplet and see them correctly.

But I just want to see my web pages like this;
12.34.56.78/home
12.34.56.78/about
12.34.56.78/test
etc

and not like this;
12.34.56.78/home.html
12.34.56.78/about.asp
12.34.56.78/test.php
etc

How can i do that? Is that possible with nginx settings?

Thank you.

3 Answers

@Dexilez

It really depends on your application and how it's configured to handle requests, more specifically:

  • REQUEST_URI
  • PATH_INFO

The most basic way to handle this would be to use try_files in the location block. Keep in mind, this will rewrite ALL URI's and attempt to match each request to an existing HTML file. If that file does not exist, an error will result (more specifically, a 500 error). With this in mind, it's important that you setup your error pages as well and not exclusively rely on this location block (example of this below as well).

Working Example

location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ $uri.html;
}

This will allow:

.... where anyactualfile = anyactualfile.html.

--

To setup the error files, you'd place the following above your location block:

error_page 404 /error_404.html;
error_page 500 /error_500.html;
error_page 503 /error_503.html;
...
...
...

resulting in:

error_page 404 /error_404.html;
error_page 500 /error_500.html;
error_page 503 /error_503.html;

location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ $uri.html;
}

--

Relying on this type of rewrite also affects directories, too. So if a request comes through such as:

.... and the directory /me/ does not exist, an error will result, so you'll need to be able to handle them by creating potential the directories.

You can set the default type to text/html. Keep in mind that this will serve every file that nginx doesn't know the type for as html.

  • Where can i set that? Do you have any document about that?

    I am new to nginx.

    • Edit /etc/nginx/nginx.conf and replace

      default_type text/plain;
      

      with

      default_type text/html;
      

      and restart Nginx:

      sudo service nginx restart
      
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