502 Bad Gateway : connect() failed (111: Unknown error) while connecting to upstream

Hi I have a MERN stack app and it always worked like charm until this morning when we suddenly got a 502 Bad Gateway(without touching anything). I’ve seen another Post on here which is resolved but any of the steps in that post didn’t help me anything at all.

Not sure, how can I find out? Operating system: Ubuntu 18.04

Expected behavior: To work again like before

Actual behavior: A 502 Bad Gateway

Error log from /var/log/nginx/error.log looks like this

2021/09/23 16:34:25 [error] 23460#23460: *11 connect() failed (111: Unknown error) while connecting to upstream, client: x.x.x.x, server: 
, request: "GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1", upstream: "", host: "x.x.x.x"

Would appreciate your help, Thanks

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Accepted Answer


The error indicates that your Node service is not running so the Nginx service is unable to connect.

What you need to do is to start your Node service. This would depend on your personal setup, but for example if you are using pm2, you could get a list of the available services with pm2 list and then you can start your application with pm2 start your_app_name.

If you do not use pm2, what I could suggest is running the history command so that you could see what were the previous commands executed on the server which could point you in the right direction on how the Node services was first setup and started.

Let me know how it goes! Regards, Bobby

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