deny direct access to files via url

How do I prevent users from being able to access files in folders, like,, … and so on, deny all direct access to directory listing.

Cheers /Adam

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Depending on what other goals you may have, there are two ways to accomplish this: (i) <a href=“”>How To Use the .htaccess File</a>; or (ii) <a href=“”>Linux Permissions Basics and How to Use Umask on a VPS</a>.