Question

Site is giving "Error establishing a database connection" error

Posted June 1, 2016 3.1k views
MySQLControl PanelsUbuntu 16.04

Hello sir! I am new to Digitalocean and i am using serverpilot for hosting Wordpress. One of my site “www.uiter.com” is giving “Error establishing a database connection”. I don’t know why! but i searched on internet a lot about this and found that i need to check my database name, user, pass and host in wp-config.php file are correct or not. I checked and found it is correct. Please throw some light at me and tell me how can i remove this error. I am completely Noob and i have never used Hosting without Cpanel as my last hosting was of Interserver. Please help me.!!!

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2 answers

Hi,

The most common cause of this error is your server running out of memory and killing MySQL. Take a look at this article for more information and other possible causes:

https://serverpilot.io/community/articles/fix-wordpress-error-establishing-a-database-connection.html

Hello, all

You will most definitely need to upgrade your droplet as you’re running out of memory and your application/website needs more resources in order to continue to operate.

What you can also do is to use the MySQLTuner script.

The MySQLTuner is a script written in Perl and allows you to quickly test your MySQL configuration and it gives you suggestions for adjustments to increase performance and stability.

According to the official GitHub page, it supports 300 indicators for MySQL/MariaDB/Percona Server in this last version.

To run the script you could do the following:

  • SSH to your Droplet
  • Download the script:
wget http://mysqltuner.pl/ -O mysqltuner.pl
  • Then execute it:
perl mysqltuner.pl

The script would run multiple checks against your MySQL instance, all checks done by MySQLTuner are documented here.

Also as stated in the official documentation, it is still extremely important for you to fully understand each change you make to a MySQL database server. If you don’t understand portions of the script’s output, or if you don’t understand the recommendations, you should consult a knowledgeable DBA or system administrator that you trust.

As a good practice make sure to always test your changes on staging environments before implementing them on your production database.

On the same note, if you want to have a worry-free MySQL hosting and focus on your application, I would recommend trying out the DigitalOcean Managed Databases:

https://www.digitalocean.com/products/managed-databases-mysql/

This was mini tutorial was posted from bobbyiliev in this question in our community: https://www.digitalocean.com/community/questions/how-to-tweak-mysql-mariadb-configuration-for-increased-performance-and-stability

You can also create a simple bash script to check if MySQL is running and if not to restart it.

#!/bin/bash

# Check if MySQL is running
sudo service mysql status > /dev/null 2>&1

# Restart the MySQL service if it's not running.
if [ $? != 0 ]; then
    sudo service mysql restart
fi

Run this script every 5 minutes using a cron job like this one:

 */5 * * * * /home/user/scripts/monitor.sh > /dev/null 2>&1

Hope that this helps!
Regards,
Alex