This is my first time learning how to deploy a hobby Django project to a live server, following the DigitalOcean tutorial Set Up Django with Postgres, Nginx, and Gunicorn on Ubuntu 22.04. I can’t figure out the proper way to load static files.
The tutorial notes that the Django admin interface will not automatically display CSS styling. To fix this, it walks you through setting up the static directory in
/etc/nginx/sites-available/myproject so that Nginx knows where to get static content. But after completing the tutorial, I’m still left with an admin page that returns
403 errors on static content.
It seems that this tutorial never actually shows you how to give Nginx permission to get static content from
/home/sammy/myprojectdir. Maybe this next step is obvious to most people, but I’m a beginner and it isn’t obvious to me. I’ve seen many suggestions online for how to give Nginx the proper permissions, but I have no idea if those suggestions are secure or follow best practices. I’m left with solutions that “work”, but I don’t know if those solutions are recommended.
For instance, I can edit
/etc/nginx/nginx.conf and change
user www-data; to
user sammy;. That gets the static content to load, but is that insecure if
sammy has sudo privileges? Alternatively, I can
/home/sammy/myprojectdir/ directory multiple ways, but I lack the intuition to know if I’m doing something I shouldn’t. Some posts say to never leave static content in
/home and to always move it to
/var/www, and yet the DigitalOcean guide suggests that
/home is appropriate. You can probably understand my confusion.
At this point, I could really use guidance on what the next step should be after completing the tutorial. What is the recommended way to give Nginx permission to load static content from Django?
TL;DR I followed this tutorial. I now have a running Django server, but the admin interface still won’t load static content. What should I do next?
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