Question

Upload file using REST

How can I consume a service to send a file? I’m using dart with the following code, and I only get 403.

Can someone help me?

final file = File('./README.md');
    const accessKey = 'afdda';
    const secretKey = 'afda';
    final spaceName = 'fada';
    final region = 'nyc3';
    final fileName = 'README.md';

    final date = DateTime.now().toUtc().toIso8601String();
    final contentType = ContentType.parse('text/plain');
    final acl = 'private';
    final contentLength = await file.length();

    final stringToSign =
        'POST\n$contentType\n$date\nx-amz-acl:$acl\n/$spaceName/$fileName';
    final hmacSha1 = Hmac(sha1, utf8.encode(secretKey));
    final signature =
        base64Url.encode(hmacSha1.convert(utf8.encode(stringToSign)).bytes);

    print('$spaceName.$region.digitaloceanspaces.com/$fileName');
    final url =
        Uri.https('$spaceName.$region.digitaloceanspaces.com', '/$fileName');

    final request = await HttpClient().postUrl(url)
      ..headers.add('Date', date)
      ..headers.add('Content-Type', contentType.toString())
      ..headers.add('Content-Length', contentLength.toString())
      ..headers.add('Authorization', 'AWS $accessKey:$signature')
      ..headers.add('x-amz-acl', acl)
      ..add(await file.readAsBytes());

    final response = await request.close();

    print('Response status code: ${response.statusCode}');
    print('Response body:');
    await response.transform(utf8.decoder).forEach(print);

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Bobby Iliev
Site Moderator
Site Moderator badge
March 12, 2023

Hi there,

As far as I can see the host header is missing:

Host: The target host for the request (e.g. ${REGION}.digitaloceanspaces.com or ${BUCKET}.${REGION}.digitaloceanspaces.com).

For more information about the common headers, you could take a look at the docs here:

https://docs.digitalocean.com/reference/api/spaces-api/#common-headers

On another note, I would personally suggest using the s3 client instead:

// Step 1: Import the S3Client object and all necessary SDK commands.
import { PutObjectCommand, S3Client } from '@aws-sdk/client-s3';


// Step 2: The s3Client function validates your request and directs it to your Space's specified endpoint using the AWS SDK.
const s3Client = new S3Client({
    endpoint: "https://nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com", // Find your endpoint in the control panel, under Settings. Prepend "https://".
    forcePathStyle: false, // Configures to use subdomain/virtual calling format.
    region: "us-east-1", // Must be "us-east-1" when creating new Spaces. Otherwise, use the region in your endpoint (e.g. nyc3).
    credentials: {
      accessKeyId: "C58A976M583E23R1O00N", // Access key pair. You can create access key pairs using the control panel or API.
      secretAccessKey: process.env.SPACES_SECRET // Secret access key defined through an environment variable.
    }
});


// Step 3: Define the parameters for the object you want to upload.
const params = {
  Bucket: "example-space", // The path to the directory you want to upload the object to, starting with your Space name.
  Key: "folder-path/hello-world.txt", // Object key, referenced whenever you want to access this file later.
  Body: "Hello, World!", // The object's contents. This variable is an object, not a string.
  ACL: "private", // Defines ACL permissions, such as private or public.
  Metadata: { // Defines metadata tags.
    "x-amz-meta-my-key": "your-value"
  }
};


// Step 4: Define a function that uploads your object using SDK's PutObjectCommand object and catches any errors.
const uploadObject = async () => {
  try {
    const data = await s3Client.send(new PutObjectCommand(params));
    console.log(
      "Successfully uploaded object: " +
        params.Bucket +
        "/" +
        params.Key
    );
    return data;
  } catch (err) {
    console.log("Error", err);
  }
};

// Step 5: Call the uploadObject function.
uploadObject();

Hope that this helps!

Best,

Bobby

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