Add VirtualServer automatically to Apache

  • Posted May 16, 2014


Currently, I add a VirtualServer to Apache manually for each site I want to host.

Is there any way to add it programmatically? Means create a VirtualServer, Create a directory in /var/www/ and copy some files into it.

Is there any API to do so?

I’m running VirtualMin/Webmin but that is also a manual process. Anything to automate all this?


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@Andrew, thank you for the code.

There isn’t any API, but it is certainly something you could script. Something like this would handle the basic use case: <br> <br><pre> <br>#!/bin/bash <br> <br>if [ ! -n “$1” ]; then <br> echo “No host set.” <br> exit <br>fi <br> <br>echo “Creating new VirtualHost /var/www/$1/” <br> <br>touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/$1 <br> <br>mkdir /var/www/$1 <br> <br>cat << EOF > /etc/apache2/sites-available/$1 <br><VirtualHost *:80> <br> ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost <br> ServerName $1 <br> <br> DocumentRoot /var/www/$1/ <br> <Directory /> <br> Options FollowSymLinks <br> AllowOverride None <br> </Directory> <br> <Directory /var/www/> <br> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews <br> AllowOverride None <br> Order allow,deny <br> allow from all <br> </Directory> <br> <br> ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/ <br> <Directory “/usr/lib/cgi-bin”> <br> AllowOverride None <br> Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch <br> Order allow,deny <br> Allow from all <br> </Directory> <br> <br> ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log <br> LogLevel warn <br> CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined <br></VirtualHost> <br>EOF <br> <br>a2ensite $1 <br>service apache2 reload <br></pre>