Question

Add VirtualServer automatically to Apache

Posted May 16, 2014 2.5k views
Hi, Currently, I add a VirtualServer to Apache manually for each site I want to host. Is there any way to add it programmatically? Means create a VirtualServer, Create a directory in /var/www/ and copy some files into it. Is there any API to do so? I'm running VirtualMin/Webmin but that is also a manual process. Anything to automate all this?

These answers are provided by our Community. If you find them useful, show some love by clicking the heart. If you run into issues leave a comment, or add your own answer to help others.

×
2 answers
There isn't any API, but it is certainly something you could script. Something like this would handle the basic use case:


#!/bin/bash

if [ ! -n "$1" ]; then
echo "No host set."
exit
fi

echo "Creating new VirtualHost /var/www/$1/"

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/$1

mkdir /var/www/$1

cat << EOF > /etc/apache2/sites-available/$1
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName $1

DocumentRoot /var/www/$1/
<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
</Directory>
<Directory /var/www/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
LogLevel warn
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
</VirtualHost>
EOF

a2ensite $1
service apache2 reload
@Andrew, thank you for the code.
Submit an Answer