There are many Android apps for accessing MySQL databases. While I cannot recommend a particular one since I do not currently use any of them I can recommend that you look for one that offers MySQL over SSH.
This connection method connects to your droplet using SSH and then accesses MySQL locally. This is preferred because you do not have to make any configuration changes on your MySQL server nor do you have to have your MySQL server accessible (and potentially vulnerable) by listening on a public port.
On Ubuntu you can install MySQL or MariaDB (a compatible fork of MySQL) with:
apt-get install mysql-server;
apt-get install mariadb-server
During the installation process you will be asked to create a password for the root MySQL user. You can then use this along with your ssh credentials to set up your android app to connect to your server.