cloud-init: apt can't import key

Hello, I’m using Debian 9.1 x64 and I’m trying to configure my droplet on creation with cloud-init. I want to install multiple package and one of them require a different source and to import a key.

This is done very easily using something like this: where you specify a source, a keyserver, and a keyid.

However, this will fail to import the key. gpg will be used to import the key from the server and it requires dirmngr to do so. However in Debian 9.1, dirmngr is not installed (in fact I think the whole thing along with apt-key is deprecated on Debian). So this is a bit problematic. I haven’t found any documentation referring that I can execute things in the order that I want. Cloud-init seems to execute about everything, then the apt module, install packages, then execute custom commands no matter what order I write them in my config file.

Easiest solution would be to install dirmngr first, then let it import the key, then install the rest of the packages that I need. How can I do this?

Submit an answer

This textbox defaults to using Markdown to format your answer.

You can type !ref in this text area to quickly search our full set of tutorials, documentation & marketplace offerings and insert the link!

Sign In or Sign Up to Answer

These answers are provided by our Community. If you find them useful, show some love by clicking the heart. If you run into issues leave a comment, or add your own answer to help others.

Want to learn more? Join the DigitalOcean Community!

Join our DigitalOcean community of over a million developers for free! Get help and share knowledge in Q&A, subscribe to topics of interest, and get courses and tools that will help you grow as a developer and scale your project or business.

Hello. Did you solved this?

I would be interested in know what you did.

In any case, I’m not sure exactly how the order is established, but the directive cloud_final_modules kind of set that order.