ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' (2)

I get this error and I’m not able to start the MySQL server. ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock’ (2)

I followed this guide here

But I found that I don’t even have the /var/run/mysqld/ directory When I try to cd or ls that directory, it shows the directory does not exist.

I guess my own case is different, I browsed around the internet and found this solution that suggested I add

innodb_force_recovery = 6

After adding that code, it still does not solve the problem

When I go into the /var/log/mysql/error.log file I get this

2022-08-08T01:40:28.108418Z 0 [System] [MY-010910] [Server] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Shutdown complete (mysqld 8.0.30-0ubuntu0.20.04.2)  (Ubuntu).
2022-08-08T01:40:28.677008Z 0 [System] [MY-010116] [Server] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 8.0.30-0ubuntu0.20.04.2) starting as process 271100
2022-08-08T01:40:28.688821Z 1 [System] [MY-013576] [InnoDB] InnoDB initialization has started.
2022-08-08T01:40:28.928619Z 1 [System] [MY-013577] [InnoDB] InnoDB initialization has ended.
2022-08-08T01:40:29.023994Z 1 [Warning] [MY-011018] [InnoDB] Skip updating information_schema metadata in InnoDB read-only mode.
2022-08-08T01:40:29.229659Z 1 [Warning] [MY-010005] [Server] Skip re-populating collations and character sets tables in InnoDB read-only mode.
2022-08-08T01:40:29.235974Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-010020] [Server] Data Dictionary initialization failed.
2022-08-08T01:40:29.236037Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-010119] [Server] Aborting
2022-08-08T01:40:29.760446Z 0 [System] [MY-010910] [Server] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Shutdown complete (mysqld 8.0.30-0ubuntu0.20.04.2)  (Ubuntu).

I would appreciate any help I can get regarding this, thank you!

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Hello @collinsmbaka

Can you try to examine the server logs in order to track down more detailed information bout the issue?

On Ubuntu systems, the default location for MySQL is /var/log/mysql/error.log In many cases, the error logs are most easily read with the less program, a command line utility that allows you to view files but not edit them:

  1. sudo less /var/log/mysql/error.log

If MySQL isn’t behaving as expected, you can obtain more information about the source of the trouble by running this command and diagnosing the error based on the log’s contents.

You can also use the journalctl command

The innodb_force_recovery is added to the my.cnf file in case of InnoDB corruption, but you need to use that as a last resort option.