Question

Gunicorn service can't read environment variables

Posted March 2, 2017 14.3k views
Nginx PostgreSQL Django Ubuntu 16.04

I am having some troubles to configure a Django app (using virtualenv) with Postgres, Nginx, and Gunicorn on Ubuntu 16.04.

Everything worked fine until I started setting some environment variables for some Django configuration variables. Ex.: SECRETKEY = os.environ[‘DJANGOSECRET_KEY’].

I have tried a lot of options like setting variables on virtualenv’s activate file, setting variables on ubuntu, and on gunicorn.service file but nothing is working.

Does anyone know how to work on this issue? How to set the environment variables?

5 comments
  • I could make it work by defining the variables on gunicorn command in the file /etc/systemd/system/gunicorn.service but I still think that it is not the best solution =/

    [Service]
    ...
    ExecStart=/virtuall_env_path/bin/gunicorn --workers 3 --bind unix:/path_to_myproject.sock myproject.wsgi:application -e my_var=value -e my_var2=value2
    ...
    
  • Hi! Instead of adding the variables to the gunicorn command line, you could load them through a file:
    <on gunicorn.service>
    [Service]

    EnvironmentFile=/pathto/somefilewith_secrets

    This should make the trick.
    (dont forget to create the file with those secrets)

  • Oh man - you saved me. Thanks!

  • Note that the format of EnvironmentFile needs to be:

    some_secret=secretvalue
    another_secret=blah
    
  • Don’t forget to run sudo systemctl restart gunicorn

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1 answer

This question was answered by @kameruchi:

Hi! Instead of adding the variables to the gunicorn command line, you could load them through a file:
<on gunicorn.service>
[Service]

EnvironmentFile=/pathto/somefilewith_secrets

This should make the trick.
(dont forget to create the file with those secrets)

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