How do I connect to postgres from a client machine?

This is an extremely straightforward question. “How do I connect to Postgres DB installed on a digitalocean droplet, from an external client via command-line or via third party apps like PSequel (available for MacOS) or PGAdmin?”. I am surprised that there is no direct tutorial to explain this in plain simple words. Here is what I did so far:

  1. Created a brand new spick and span droplet running Ubuntu 16.04.
  2. Installed postgres following this tutorial -
  3. Now I have Ubuntu user “sammy”, postgres user “sammy” and postgres database “sammy”. I am happily able to connect to DB from within the box.
  4. All that is required now is to connect to this database, from external machine, which for some reason is a herculean task.
  5. I followed and and I changed my /etc/postgresql/9.5/main/pg_hba.conf to host all all md5 and in /etc/postgresql/9.5/main/postgresql.conf added listen_addresses='*'
  6. Restarted postgres on remote server via sudo service postgresql restart
  7. [On my local Mac laptop] psql -h <IPv4 address> -p 5432 -U sammy -d sammy. However I get the error psql: FATAL: password authentication failed for user "sammy"

How do I connect to postgres server? I would highly recommend digitalocean’s moderators to write a detailed but simple blog on “Connecting to Postgres from external client, along with best practises.”

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You missed another step of allowing 5432 port into firewall. Type the following command before connecting to remote postgres connection:

sudo ufw allow 5432/tcp

This answer may help to those who are facing trouble to connect remote postgres connection.

Oh, I found a solution to the above accidentally - it is related to the escaping characters:

this worked (at least in my case):

ssh sammy@ipaddress “psql -c "alter user ‘sammydbuser’ with encrypted password ‘some_string’;"” ssh sammy@ipaddress “psql -c "grant all privileges on database ‘sammydb’ to ‘sammydbuser’;"”

note: the quote goes before psql command, then after the switch -c, you have to quote the actual command, but with an escape character. same applies to closing the quotes …

I sincerely hope this might help someone else …

One more interested party here.

So far I had success with:

  1. ssh sammy@ipaddress createdb sammydb
  2. ssh sammy@ipaddress createuser sammydbuser

But not with:

  1. ssh sammy@ipaddress psql -c “alter user ‘sammydbuser’ with encrypted password ‘some_string’;”
  2. ssh sammy@ipaddress psql -c “grant all privileges on database ‘sammydb’ to ‘sammydbuser’;”

Sharing any thoughts would be greatly appreciated …