Question

How do I determine the impact of VestaCP vulnerability from April 8th, 2018?

Update: As of April 12, 2018 we have removed the block on port 8083. We will continue to observe the result of this change and may reinstate the block if we see an uptick in abusive traffic. We will continue to post updates here, as necessary.

Details about the exploit

Due to a vulnerability within the VestaCP software, an exploit is being used to gain root access to Droplets running this software. Exploited Droplets are then being used to perform a DoS attack to remote servers by sending large amounts of traffic.

VestaCP has also acknowledged the issue and is investigating the behavior further themselves: https://forum.vestacp.com/viewtopic.php?p=68594#p68594

What is being done about this?

DigitalOcean is working to mitigate traffic from Droplets that have already been compromised. We have also blocked all traffic to TCP port 8083, the default port used by VestaCP for API and login requests. Additionally, we have disabled networking on a subset of Droplets suspected of running this software in an attempt to avoid a potential compromise or to prevent abusive traffic from being sent from these Droplets. Vesta has officially released an update that is meant to mitigate the vulnerability.

These packages are available via package manager updates or fresh installs. Though this update is meant to mitigate against new attacks, it will not help your system if it has already been compromised. It is advised that you create a new instance of Vesta, rather than updating old systems.

Disclaimer: These packages have not been tested by DigitalOcean to ensure the vulnerability is officially patched. Furthermore, we have not seen enough details of either the exploit or the patch to have a high degree of confidence in its ability to mitigate the vulnerability. This means that, even post patch, your Droplet could still be vulnerable. Please read on for additional information about ways to potentially reduce your risk of exploitation.

If you create a new instance of Vesta, we recommend that you change the default port away from 8083 (which is currently blocked by DigitalOcean). We have prepared a tutorial to assist users with installing VestaCP and migrating their data.

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-install-vestacp-and-migrate-user-data

Our Support Team is working as quickly and efficiently as possible to respond to each ticket in a timely manner. As additional updates are available, we’ll modify this post. We appreciate your patience as we work to resolve outstanding issues.

How can I check if my Droplet was compromised?

  • Check all cron jobs on your machine for malicious activity. Specifically, check the contents of the /etc/cron.hourly/gcc.sh file. as we have seen this cron particularly affected.
  • Install an antivirus software, run a scan and then check for any results similar to /lib/libudev.so: Unix.Trojan.DDoS_XOR-1 FOUND

What steps can I take to prevent my Droplet from being compromised?

  • Consider stopping the Vesta service if you do not have an immediate need for it:
service vesta stop
systemctl stop vesta
  • Block public inbound connections to port 8083. If needed, you can still establish connections through the use of an SSH tunnel by following our tutorial How To Set Up SSH Tunneling on a VPS .

  • Use DigitalOcean’s Cloud Firewalls to block SSH traffic and VestaCP control panel traffic from all IPs other than the one IP you use to manage your Droplet.

  • Follow our Community article, which includes mitigation steps, to spin up a new Droplet.

Additional Measures

Though Vesta has updated their package, there is still a chance the system is vulnerable (there is always a chance that any system is vulnerable). In light of this vulnerability, we recommend taking the following general security precautions to avoid takeovers of your Droplet(s). Compromised Droplets are typically used for cryptocurrency mining or Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, both of which will impact your ability to use your Droplet.

  • Change any default passwords on your installed software (eg, admin/admin), as these are commonly used in takeover scenarios
  • Enable your local firewall (eg, iptables) to prevent all inbound connections by default, and only allow connections on ports you’re specifically serving
  • Add monitoring software that notifies you when your resources, especially CPU or bandwidth, are extremely high
  • Ensure your password is sufficiently complex, preferably longer than ten characters
  • If possible, keep your software up-to-date by enabling auto-update features
  • Periodically scan through your user lists in /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow for unknown users
  • Ensure that users who don’t need interactive console access have their shell set to /usr/sbin/nologin or /bin/false in /etc/passwd -Consider running proactive security software like ossec or fail2ban
Show comments

Submit an answer

This textbox defaults to using Markdown to format your answer.

You can type !ref in this text area to quickly search our full set of tutorials, documentation & marketplace offerings and insert the link!

Sign In or Sign Up to Answer

These answers are provided by our Community. If you find them useful, show some love by clicking the heart. If you run into issues leave a comment, or add your own answer to help others.

Want to learn more? Join the DigitalOcean Community!

Join our DigitalOcean community of over a million developers for free! Get help and share knowledge in Q&A, subscribe to topics of interest, and get courses and tools that will help you grow as a developer and scale your project or business.

After updating server via SSH how to change VestaCP port and add firewall rules

I run a web host that uses VestaCP as a backbone API for managing resources only, but everything has been patched and wanted to share a script to update your VestaCP port from 8083 to 5600. But only do this AFTER update and patch. It will create the firewall rule on VestaCP also.

curl http://www.nodehost.ca/scripts/sh/vestacp_changeport.sh > vestacp_changeport.sh && bash vestacp_changeport.sh

Feel free to download and see what the file actually does, and if you want to upload a file and run local here is the script in the file.

echo "NodeHost Custom VESTACP Script"

echo "JOB: Changing VESTACP port"
string="listen          8083;"
stringnew="listen          5600;"
grep "$stringnew" /usr/local/vesta/nginx/conf/nginx.conf || sed -i "s/$string/$stringnew/g" /usr/local/vesta/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
echo "JOB: Complete"

echo "JOB: Changing VESTACP firewall rule for new port"
v-add-firewall-rule ACCEPT 0.0.0.0/0 5600 TCP
echo "JOB: Complete"

echo "JOB: Restarting VESTACP"
service vesta restart
echo "JOB: Complete"

echo "JOB: Port has been changed to 5600 from 8083"

I hope this helps.

I find some of the comments here appalling. I had problems with the network on my servers almost a day and then I found out the result was that a bunch of other people on the network had chosen to install this vestacp thing that was vulnerable and caused their servers to attack the network. Digital ocean shut them down as they should have, only for them to come here and talk trash and act like digital ocean is responsible for their own stupid choices.

thanks digital ocean. don’t listen to the haters.

Ok, Below is my case

My Server ports were closed, but i was able to login and use SSH. So i updated vesta cp and changed ports. Also activated firewall from digital ocean account. Checked for Cron jobs didn’t find anything. Found Nothing Checked /etc/passwd file, make all changes of shell access(Only checked because everything was already in place). Also monitored ls /etc/cron.hourly/ ls /lib/ ls /etc/rc.* ls /etc/systemd/* Didn’t find anything.

Server is working fine for now but one question is left. Are these steps are enough?