How to setup a Mosquitto MQTT Server and receive data from OwnTracks
OwnTracks is an open-source GPS location history logging service (the main components are apps for iPhone and Android.) OwnTracks takes care of sending the data, and recommends using Mosquitto as the framework on the receiving or “broker” side.
This is the process I went through to get a Mosquitto server up and receiving data on a DigitalOcean droplet, I customized the server for OwnTracks but most steps except config should apply for any use of Mosquitto server.
REQUIREMENTS: It runs on Raspberry Pi, so I figured a 512MB Ubuntu 14.04 x64 Droplet would be sufficient.
1. Create user “mosquitto”
Mosquitto wants to run as user
mosquitto, adduser mosquitto
2. Install Mosquitto
SSH into the droplet, do an update, and then install mosquitto dependencies
apt-get update apt-get install build-essential libwrap0-dev libssl-dev libc-ares-dev uuid-dev xsltproc
You could try installing via apt-get, it didn’t work for me so I downloaded the latest release of mosquitto listed here: http://mosquitto.org/download/
cd /home/mosquitto wget http://mosquitto.org/files/source/mosquitto-1.4.8.tar.gz tar xvzf mosquitto-1.4.8.tar.gz cd mosquitto-1.4.8
make to compile and
make install to install
make make install
3. Setup Mosquitto
Create a mosquitto user/password: the command below will create a user owntracks, you can change
mosquitto_passwd -c /etc/mosquitto/pwfile owntracks
you will be prompted to enter a password.
Create the directory where persistence db files will be stored, change owner to mosquitto:
mkdir /var/lib/mosquitto/ chown mosquitto:mosquitto /var/lib/mosquitto/ -R
Create a config file by copying the example file:
cp /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf.example /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf editor /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf
At the end of the config file, add a block of all suggested config changes specific to OwnTracks (replace <yourIP> with the IP address of the droplet)
listener 8883 <yourIP> persistence true persistence_location /var/lib/mosquitto/ persistence_file mosquitto.db log_dest syslog log_dest stdout log_dest topic log_type error log_type warning log_type notice log_type information connection_messages true log_timestamp true allow_anonymous false password_file /etc/mosquitto/pwfile
Finally be sure to run:
4. Run/Test Mosquitto
Run the mosquitto server with this command:
mosquitto -c /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf
It should start running without error, then in another window: Replace <YourIP> and <YourPassword> with your own stuff
mosquitto_sub -h <YourIP> -p 8883 -v -t 'owntracks/#' -u owntracks -P <YourPassword>
If everything went correctly you should see no errors executing this command, and in the window where mosquitto is running should acknowledge the connection. if so create an upstart file to autorun mosquitto:
vim /etc/init/mosquitto.conf #THEN PASTE IN: description "Mosquitto MQTT broker" start on net-device-up respawn exec /usr/sbin/mosquitto -c /etc/mosquitto/mosquitto.conf
NEXT STEP: Now that you have Mosquitto broker working, your next step is to setup OwnTracks on your phone to speak to your broker - The TL;DR is you need to install the App, go to preferences, select PRIVATE mode, and set the connection details to match the IP, user, and password specs you just setup.
UPGRADES: I’m working on getting Let’s Encrypt TLS certificates to work with this, I will post when I have that working.