Nginx 502 Bad Gateway and Node.JS app

  • Posted on March 18, 2014
  • finidAsked by finid


I’m trying to install a Node.JS application in a subfolder of a WordPress site running on Nginx, Varnish and php-fpm.

Any attempt to access the site gives a 502 Bad Gateway browser error and the following message in Nginx’s error log.

<pre> [error] 20247#0: *143 connect() failed (111: Connection refused) while connecting to upstream, client:, server:, request: “GET /forum HTTP/1.1”, upstream: “”, host: “” </pre>

I’ve researched the cause of such error messages, but have yet to come up with a solution. It it helps, here’s my Nginx config:

<pre> server {

root /home/public_html/;
listen 8080;
index index.html index.htm index.php;

include conf.d/drop;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?q=$uri&$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_buffers 8 256k;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;


    location ~* \.(css|js|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|ico)$ {
            expires 1d;

Settings for proxying NodeBB forum installation. Added March 14 2014.

    location ^~ /forum {

    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
    proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

    proxy_redirect off;

    # Socket.IO Support
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";


} </pre>

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I was having this same issue with running multiple apps/websites on one server along with node.js app running on port 3000.

It turned out to be SELinux permission issue and solved by running this command: sudo semanage port --add --type http_port_t --proto tcp 3000

Hope this helps anyone having the same problem.

As you can see from the config, the Node.JS app is running on port 4567, which is different from the Nginx port, running on a www port. <br> <br>The Node.JS application is started using Forever - “forever start app.js”. <br> <br>The thing is, without Nginx, I can access the app using the IP/URL of the main site and the Node apps port, like this: <br> <br>But not via Nginx.

With node/nginx proxy and ajax requests get 502:

I fixed this issue by simply stopping and starting pm2 and ensuring only 1 pm2 process was running.