Nginx problem to access site

August 4, 2019 3.7k views
Nginx Ubuntu 16.04

Hi. I have and Wordpress site, and I have a basic knowledge on Linux and servers. A tried configurate The server by myself, and know I can access my website. When I try visit my website www.b2fox.com , I can’t see the home page due a nginx issue. I just want to backup a single page on my website, and I have no idea how to fix that problem. Can you help me restore my web access, or helper how to backup one page using ftp(Which folder etc…)

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2 Answers

Hello,

I believe the issue has been quite well documented here : https://www.digitalocean.com/community/questions/website-only-show-welcome-to-nginx

To summaries the replies there, I would suggest you to update your /etc/nginx/sites-available/default to include a link to your wordpress page, if you are using port 80 and wordpress try changing the root location under server within that file so it looks like this root /var/www/html;
After that do a sudo service nginx restart and refresh the page.

If the issue continues afterwards, please provide the configuration file in order to give a more pinpoint answer.

  • ##
    # You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
    # of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
    # https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/
    # https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/tutorials/config_pitfalls/
    # https://wiki.debian.org/Nginx/DirectoryStructure
    #
    # In most cases, administrators will remove this file from sites-enabled/ and
    # leave it as reference inside of sites-available where it will continue to be
    # updated by the nginx packaging team.
    #
    # This file will automatically load configuration files provided by other
    # applications, such as Drupal or Wordpress. These applications will be made
    # available underneath a path with that package name, such as /drupal8.
    #
    # Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.
    ##
    
    # Default server configuration
    #
    server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server;
    
        # SSL configuration
        #
        # listen 443 ssl default_server;
        # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;
        #
        # Note: You should disable gzip for SSL traffic.
        # See: https://bugs.debian.org/773332
        #
        # Read up on ssl_ciphers to ensure a secure configuration.
        # See: https://bugs.debian.org/765782
        #
        # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package
        # Don't use them in a production server!
        #
        # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;
    
        root /var/www/html;
    
        # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
        index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
    
        server_name _;
    
        location / {
            # First attempt to serve request as file, then
            # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
            try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }
    
        # pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #   include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        #
        #   # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
        #   fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        #   # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
        #   fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        #}
    
        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #   deny all;
        #}
    }
    
    
    # Virtual Host configuration for example.com
    #
    # You can move that to a different file under sites-available/ and symlink that
    # to sites-enabled/ to enable it.
    #
    #server {
    #   listen 80;
    #   listen [::]:80;
    #
    #   server_name example.com;
    #
    #   root /var/www/example.com;
    #   index index.html;
    #
    #   location / {
    #       try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    #   }
    #}
    
    

    Where I change this?

    edited by MattIPv4
    • Change the following lines:

      server_name _;
      

      to

      server_name b2fox.com www.b2fox.com;
      

      Where b2fox.com is your actual domain.

      You would need to change

       root /var/www/html;
      

      To

      root /where/your/domain/files/are/located
      

      Where the path would be the actual path to your files.

      Once done, you can check the Nginx configuration file for any syntax errors by using this command:

      nginx -t
      

      If it says Syntax is OK you an go head and restart Nginx.

      • MY Wordpress files are at root/var/www/html

        • In that case you can leave the following line

           root /var/www/html;
          

          as is and set the other configuration, I mentioned above.

          One last thing, add index.php to

              # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
              index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
          

          It should look like this

              # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
              index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
          
##
# You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
# of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
# https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/
# https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/tutorials/config_pitfalls/
# https://wiki.debian.org/Nginx/DirectoryStructure
#
# In most cases, administrators will remove this file from sites-enabled/ and
# leave it as reference inside of sites-available where it will continue to be
# updated by the nginx packaging team.
#
# This file will automatically load configuration files provided by other
# applications, such as Drupal or Wordpress. These applications will be made
# available underneath a path with that package name, such as /drupal8.
#
# Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.
##

# Default server configuration
#
server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    listen [::]:80 default_server;

    # SSL configuration
    #
    # listen 443 ssl default_server;
    # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;
    #
    # Note: You should disable gzip for SSL traffic.
    # See: https://bugs.debian.org/773332
    #
    # Read up on ssl_ciphers to ensure a secure configuration.
    # See: https://bugs.debian.org/765782
    #
    # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package
    # Don't use them in a production server!
    #
    # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;

    root /var/www/html/;

    # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
    index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

    server_name b2fox.com www.b2fox.com;

    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }

    # pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server
    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #   include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    #
    #   # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
    #   fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
    #   # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
    #   fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #}

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #   deny all;
    #}
}


# Virtual Host configuration for example.com
#
# You can move that to a different file under sites-available/ and symlink that
# to sites-enabled/ to enable it.
#
#server {
#   listen 80;
#   listen [::]:80;
#
#   server_name example.com;
#
#   root /var/www/example.com;
#   index index.html;
#
#   location / {
#       try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
#   }
#}

Still not working. When i type nginx -t

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

When I type sudo service nginx restart

Nothing Happens

When I visit www.b2fox.com a download starts lol

There are a way to remove and acess my website without nginx, or other solution?

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