Nginx shows failed. I can't start it, neither other command.

January 22, 2018 148 views
Nginx Ubuntu 16.04

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Last login: Mon Jan 22 11:23:45 2018
/usr/bin/xauth: file /home/marcelo/.Xauthority does not exist
root@ubuntu-s-1vcpu-1gb-nyc3-01:~$ systemctl status nginx
● nginx.service - A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Mon 2018-01-22 12:06:06 UTC; 53s ago
Process: 1361 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

3 comments
  • root@ubuntu-s-1vcpu-1gb-nyc3-01:~$ nginx -t
    nginx: [alert] could not open error log file: open() "/var/log/nginx/error.log" failed (13: Permission denied)
    2018/01/23 15:45:33 [warn] 1703#1703: the "user" directive makes sense only if the master process runs with super-user privileges, ignored in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:1
    2018/01/23 15:45:33 [emerg] 1703#1703: "worker_processes" directive is not allowed here in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:6
    nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

  • Follow the path on my Droplet:

    /var/log/nginx/error.log

    2018/01/22 00:30:52 [emerg] 3686#3686: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:32:21 [emerg] 3697#3697: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:32:41 [emerg] 3705#3705: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:32:58 [emerg] 3713#3713: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:33:27 [emerg] 3725#3725: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:36:44 [emerg] 3744#3744: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:39:03 [emerg] 3796#3796: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:39:31 [emerg] 3805#3805: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:49:35 [emerg] 3834#3834: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:52:08 [emerg] 3982#3982: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:55:59 [emerg] 4071#4071: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 00:58:03 [emerg] 4089#4089: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 01:02:38 [emerg] 4107#4107: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 01:02:48 [emerg] 4116#4116: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 01:03:09 [emerg] 4195#4195: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:37
    2018/01/22 01:11:34 [emerg] 4256#4256: invalid parameter "104.236.56.190" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:11:51 [emerg] 4337#4337: invalid parameter "104.236.56.190" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:18:04 [emerg] 4359#4359: invalid parameter "104.236.56.190" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:22:36 [emerg] 4375#4375: invalid parameter "104.236.56.190" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:25:28 [emerg] 4394#4394: invalid parameter "104.236.56.190" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:26:11 [emerg] 4410#4410: invalid parameter "localhost" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:18
    2018/01/22 01:27:01 [emerg] 4425#4425: unknown directive "access
    log/var/log/nginx/localhostaccess.log" in /etc/nginx/sites-e$
    2018/01/22 11:23:26 [emerg] 1375#1375: unknown directive "default
    server" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:42
    2018/01/22 11:26:24 [emerg] 1758#1758: unknown directive "defaultserver" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:42
    2018/01/22 12:06:06 [emerg] 1361#1361: unknown directive "default
    server" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:42
    2018/01/22 12:53:00 [emerg] 1401#1401: unknown directive "defaultserver" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:42
    2018/01/23 12:57:46 [emerg] 1354#1354: unknown directive "default
    server" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:42
    2018/01/23 14:14:19 [emerg] 8712#8712: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 14:15:16 [emerg] 8745#8745: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 14:40:08 [emerg] 9067#9067: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 14:48:12 [emerg] 9101#9101: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 14:49:26 [emerg] 9122#9122: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 15:07:03 [emerg] 9330#9330: "workerprocesses" directive is not allowed here in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:6
    2018/01/23 15:44:43 [emerg] 1382#1382: "worker
    processes" directive is not allowed here in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:6
    2018/01/23 16:43:59 [emerg] 1386#1386: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:05:05 [emerg] 1859#1859: unknown directive "marcelo/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:07:59 [emerg] 1881#1881: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:20:59 [emerg] 1956#1956: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:23:53 [emerg] 2014#2014: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:32:20 [emerg] 2049#2049: unknown directive "/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:33:28 [emerg] 2069#2069: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:34:33 [emerg] 2087#2087: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:41:42 [emerg] 2151#2151: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:41:50 [emerg] 2166#2166: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:54:59 [emerg] 2333#2333: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 17:55:23 [emerg] 2352#2352: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 18:00:06 [emerg] 2436#2436: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 18:04:59 [emerg] 2515#2515: unknown directive "./usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 18:18:45 [emerg] 2606#2606: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/23 19:59:09 [emerg] 1365#1365: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38
    2018/01/24 00:39:09 [emerg] 1362#1362: unknown directive "root/usr/share/nginx/html" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default:38

  • user www-data;
    worker_processes auto;
    pid /run/nginx.pid;

    events {
    workerconnections 768;
    # multi
    accept on;
    }

    http {

        ##
        # Basic Settings
        ##
    
        sendfile on;
        tcp_nopush on;
        tcp_nodelay on;
        keepalive_timeout 65;
        types_hash_max_size 2048;
        # server_tokens off;
    
        # server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
        # server_name_in_redirect off;
    
        include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
        default_type application/octet-stream;
    
        ##
        # SSL Settings
        ##
    
        ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; # Dropping SSLv3, ref: POODLE
        ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    
        ##
        # Logging Settings
        ##
    
        access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
        error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
    
        ##
        # Gzip Settings
        ##
    
        gzip on;
        gzip_disable "msie6";
    
        # gzip_vary on;
        # gzip_proxied any;
        # gzip_comp_level 6;
        # gzip_buffers 16 8k;
        # gzip_http_version 1.1;
        # gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
    
        ##
    
        # Virtual Host Configs
        ##
    
        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
        include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
    

    }

1 Answer

Based on what you shared my best guess is that your log files in /var/log/nginx have the incorrect ownership. If the ownership of these files were changed to root you would likely see nginx fail in this way (being unable to open the logs) but you would still be able to view your log files since you are logged in as root.

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