Recommended user:group and directory permissions for web directory?

What is the recommended user, group and directory permissions for the webroot directory?

Let say I have the below directory structure,




Currently, I have

drwxr-xr-x  7 root root   4096 Jun 23 14:52 www

drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Jun 13 04:47 website-1
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Jun 23 14:52 website-2

drwxrwxr-x 3 myuser myuser 4096 Aug  8 07:10 html

As you can see, the html folder is owned by my current user and group. I know this is not correct. I’ve read that it should be www-data but again others I’ve read also are using root and even user accounts.

What would be the “best” recommended user:group and permission?


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Hi @Kdimitrov

Once again, thanks for the help.

With 755, the group has no Write permissions. This is a problem for my setup because I have another user that uploads/edits the site.

Do you think it’s okay if I will change the /var/www/website/html directory permission to 775 to allow groups from uploading? And all files and directories inside html will be 644 and 755 respectively.

Also, what’s your take on setting the permissions and user:group of newly created or uploaded files automatically? Ways I’ve read so far are umask and setgid.

Hello, I don’t know if I understood your question well but I had problems with the permissions on my site and the answer to this question helped me a lot, I also wait for you