Setting up wordpress with NGINX fail..

October 22, 2015 3.2k views
Nginx WordPress PHP LEMP Ubuntu

So I am setting up my wordpress (migrating from localhost onto a test server, soon to be live) and I can't seem to get this working. I am mirgrating from a apache localhost server to a nginx server. Everytime I try to reload the nginx settings, I get different errors like:
nginx: [emerg] no port in upstream "php" in /etc/nginx/global/wordpress.conf:33

Here's my config files for nginx.

# Redirect everything to the main site. We use a separate server statement and NOT an if statement - see

server {
        server_name  _;
        rewrite ^ $scheme://****.com$request_uri redirect;
server {
    server_name ****.com;
    root /usr/share/nginx/html;

    index index.php;

    include global/restrictions.conf;

    # Additional rules go here.

    # Only include one of the files below.
    include global/wordpress.conf;
#   include global/wordpress-ms-subdir.conf;
#   include global/wordpress-ms-subdomain.conf;


# WordPress single site rules.
# Designed to be included in any server {} block.

# This order might seem weird - this is attempted to match last if rules below fail.
location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

# Add trailing slash to */wp-admin requests.
rewrite /wp-admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;

# Directives to send expires headers and turn off 404 error logging.
location ~* ^.+\.(ogg|ogv|svg|svgz|eot|otf|woff|mp4|ttf|rss|atom|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|ico|zip|tgz|gz|rar|bz2|doc|xls|exe|ppt|tar|mid|midi|wav|bmp|rtf)$ {
       access_log off; log_not_found off; expires max;

# Uncomment one of the lines below for the appropriate caching plugin (if used).
#include global/wordpress-wp-super-cache.conf;
#include global/wordpress-w3-total-cache.conf;

# Pass all .php files onto a php-fpm/php-fcgi server.
location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        if (!-f $document_root$fastcgi_script_name) {
                return 404;
        # This is a robust solution for path info security issue and works with "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1" in /etc/php.ini (default)

        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
#       fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_pass php;


# Global restrictions configuration file.
# Designed to be included in any server {} block.</p>
location = /favicon.ico {
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;

location = /robots.txt {
    allow all;
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;

# Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac).
# Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
location ~ /\. {
    deny all;

# Deny access to any files with a .php extension in the uploads directory
# Works in sub-directory installs and also in multisite network
# Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
location ~* /(?:uploads|files)/.*\.php$ {
    deny all;

I have been trying to fix this for 2 hours, and no luck. This server has been configured to nginx, so switching over to apache is a difficult task for me.

1 Answer

The error points out that you have a problem on line 33 of /etc/nginx/global/wordpress.conf

fastcgi_pass php;

Written like that, Nginx expects to find an "upstream" server block like:

upstream php {
    server unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;

That isn't 100% necessary though. You could also just replace the line with:

fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;

For more info, check out these tutorials:

by Justin Ellingwood
A LEMP stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, and PHP) is a powerful set of software that can be configured to serve dynamic sites and web apps from your server. In this guide, we will discuss how to install a LEMP stack on an Ubuntu 14.04 server.
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