Ubuntu 16.04 Immediately Logs Out When SSH Into Server

When I am trying to log into my Ubuntu 16.04 server via ssh I get immediately logged out after typing in the password. This is only for the justin user account. I am able to briefly see this message:

Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-166-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:
 * Management:
 * Support:

  Get cloud support with Ubuntu Advantage Cloud Guest:

0 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.

Last login: Tue Nov  5 10:37:59 2019 from
Could not chdir to home directory /home/justin: Permission denied
/bin/bash: Permission denied
Connection to localhost closed.

It appears that it is some kind of error message, but when I log in via Root (which successfully logs in) and run ls -la /home/justin I get the following output:

root@ubuntu-servername:/home# ls -la /home/justin
total 260
drwxr-xr-x 12 justin justin  4096 Sep 29 12:44 .
drwxr-xr-x  3 root   root    4096 Jan 16  2018 ..
-rw-------  1 justin justin 17349 Sep 29 12:44 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--  1 justin justin   220 Jan 16  2018 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--  1 justin justin  3794 Apr  2  2018 .bashrc
drwx------  3 justin justin  4096 Sep  2 12:37 .cache
-rw-r--r--  1 justin justin     0 Jan 16  2018 .cloud-locale-test.skip
drwxrwxr-x  2 justin justin  4096 Mar 28  2019 crons
drwxrwxr-x  3 justin justin  4096 Sep  2 12:39 dev
drwxrwxr-x  3 justin justin  4096 Jan 23  2018 documents
-rw-rw-r--  1 justin justin    80 Mar 21  2019 .gitconfig
drwx------  6 justin justin  4096 Sep  2 12:37 .local
-rw-------  1 justin justin   152 Mar 28  2019 .msmtprc
drwxrwxr-x  2 justin justin  4096 Jan 16  2018 .nano
-rw-r--r--  1 justin justin   655 Jan 16  2018 .profile
drwxrwxr-x  4 justin justin  4096 Sep 30 22:49 python
-rw-------  1 justin justin    58 Sep 25 12:17 .python_history
-rw-------  1 justin justin  1024 Aug 16  2018 .rnd
-rw-rw-r--  1 justin justin    75 Mar 28  2019 .selected_editor
drwx------  2 justin justin  4096 Apr 26  2018 .ssh
-rw-r--r--  1 justin justin     0 Jan 17  2018 .sudo_as_admin_successful
-rw-------  1 justin justin 14302 Sep 29 12:44 .viminfo

It appears as though every thing in the directory is correctly set to the justin permission group/user. I have also run sudo chown justin:justin /home/justin but I get the same results.

I have restarted the droplet to just to make sure. I am not exactly sure where else to look for information concerning this error. If I could be pointed to a log file that might have more information that would be helpful.


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Hi @LordOfBytes,

most probably the file /bin/bash is with root:root ownership and 0644 permissions.

bash should be executable by everyone. To make it executable by every user on your system, you would need to change it’s permissions

chmod 755 /bin/bash

Regards, KDSys