Drive business growth through customer segmentation

The field of marketing is ever-changing, continually adapting to cater to the demands and preferences of consumers. With information overload and reduced attention spans, it’s imperative for businesses to efficiently focus their campaigns for the best results. One of the key instruments employed for this purpose is customer segmentation.

Customers are unique, so a one-size-fits-all approach won’t work. Customer segmentation allows businesses to better understand their customers and tailor their strategies and tactics accordingly, leading to higher conversions and increased profits.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of customer segmentation, including the different types of segments you can create, how to collect and analyze customer data, and tips for developing and implementing a successful segmentation strategy.

What is customer segmentation?

Customer segmentation is the practice of dividing a company’s customers into groups that reflect similarity among customers in terms of characteristics such as behavior, demographics, geography, or psychographics. Each segment represents a group of customers who share particular traits and behaviors which make them respond similarly to marketing strategies and have similar needs or preferences.

Customer segmentation is key in sharpening a business’s marketing and operational strategies. By grouping customers into distinct segments based on shared characteristics or behaviors, businesses can tailor marketing efforts to resonate with each segment, often leading to better engagement and increased customer loyalty. Moreover, it allows for smarter allocation of resources, ensuring that efforts and investments are directed towards the most profitable or promising segments.

Benefits of customer segmentation

Customer segmentation offers a multitude of benefits to companies, helping them to achieve better results and maximize their ROI. Here are some of the key advantages:

Increased conversion rates

Tailoring marketing campaigns to specific customer segments makes the message more relevant, which leads to higher conversion rates. Customers are more likely to engage with a campaign that resonates with their specific needs and preferences. For example, a tech company specializing in gaming hardware could target a segment of customers identified as avid gamers with a campaign for a new high-performance gaming mouse, likely experiencing higher conversion rates compared to a generic tech campaign.

Improved customer satisfaction

By understanding the unique characteristics of different customer segments, marketing companies can deliver products, services, and experiences that cater to their specific needs. This results in higher levels of customer satisfaction and loyalty. A software development firm, for instance, might introduce a range of pre-built solutions catering to a segment of small business owners, thus meeting their unique needs and enhancing satisfaction.

Improved marketing efficiency

Customer segmentation allows marketing companies to focus their efforts on the most promising customer segments. This leads to more efficient use of marketing resources and budgets. A cloud services provider could discover that a segment of tech-savvy customers is more responsive to digital marketing, and could then channel a larger portion of its digital marketing budget towards this segment, optimizing the impact of its marketing spend.

Better product development

Customer segmentation provides insights into the needs and preferences of different customer segments. This information can be used to prioritize your product roadmap and develop new products and services that are more likely to resonate with customers. A tech company specializing in smart home devices might analyze customer segments and discover a demand for enhanced security features, subsequently developing new products to meet this demand.

Stronger brand reputation

By delivering personalized and relevant experiences to different customer segments, marketing companies can build a stronger brand reputation. Consider a company offering a productivity tool. Through customer segmentation, they identify a segment within large enterprises who need collaborative features. By enhancing these features and tailoring communications accordingly, the company not only meets the specific needs of this segment but also fosters a reputation for personalized service, gradually bolstering its brand reputation in the enterprise software market.

Types of customer segmentation

Businesses segment customers based on their essential needs for a product or service. Some of the prevalent types of segmentation strategies include:

Geographic segmentation

Geographic segmentation groups customers based on their physical location, such as country, region, city, or ZIP code. This type of segmentation is useful for businesses that want to target their marketing campaigns to specific geographic areas. A VPN service provider could use geographic segmentation to offer region-specific server options, enabling tailored marketing campaigns that highlight the benefits of accessing localized content and improving connection speeds for users in different regions.

Demographic segmentation

Demographic segmentation groups customers based on their personal characteristics, such as age, gender, income, education level, and occupation. This type of segmentation is useful for businesses that want to target their marketing campaigns to specific demographics. A tech company specializing in educational software might use demographic segmentation to develop and market age-specific learning modules, catering to the varying needs of different age groups.

Pyschographic segmentation

Psychographic segmentation groups customers based on their psychological characteristics, such as interests, values, lifestyle, and personality. This type of segmentation is useful for businesses that want to target their marketing campaigns to customers with similar interests and values. A social media platform could employ psychographic segmentation to curate and recommend content that aligns with users’ values, lifestyles, and interests, enhancing user engagement and satisfaction.

Behavioral segmentation

Behavioral segmentation groups customers based on their past behavior, such as purchase history, website browsing behavior, and social media engagement. This type of segmentation is useful for businesses that want to target their marketing campaigns to customers who have already shown an interest in their products or services. A company offering financial management software could utilize behavioral segmentation to identify and target customers who frequently exceed their budgets, offering them personalized features or tips on budget management within the software.

Technographic segmentation

Technographic segmentation groups customers based on their technology usage, such as device type, operating system, and web browser. This type of segmentation is useful for businesses that want to target their marketing campaigns to customers who are using specific technologies. For example, a business that develops mobile apps might want to focus its marketing efforts on customers who are using smartphones and tablets.

Customer segmentation strategy

Taking your customer segmentation goals from the initial idea, executing data collection, performing the segmentation process, integrating the outcomes into marketing efforts, and ultimately running customer segmentation analysis can be an intricate undertaking. Yet, by methodically addressing the foundational aspects of customer segmentation one step at a time, your business can establish a strong foundation for enhanced conversion rates and increased sales.

Here are the essential strategies needed for a successful customer segmentation process:

1. Define your customer segmentation goals and variables

When segmenting customers, it is crucial to have clear goals and OKRSs in mind. This will help you focus your efforts and measure success over time. However, it’s equally important to set attainable goals that harmonize with overall business objectives while taking into account the constraints posed by available data and resources.

To establish effective segmentation objectives, businesses should take into account their target audience, product offerings, and marketing channels. Your goal may be increasing customer acquisition or retention, elevating sales revenue, or enhancing customer satisfaction. By aligning segmentation objectives with broader business goals, businesses can ensure that their endeavors are both strategic and impactful.

Once you have defined your goals, identify the customer variables that will help you achieve them. These variables can be demographic (e.g., age, gender, location), behavioral (e.g., purchase history, website browsing behavior), or psychographic (e.g., interests, values, lifestyle). The specific variables you choose will depend on your business and goals.

2. Prioritize your customer segmentation goals

When it comes to prioritizing your customer segmentation goals, it becomes crucial for businesses to assess the potential worth in terms of revenue, profitability, and customer retention within the identified segments. This necessitates an examination of customer lifetime value, retention rates, and purchase frequency metrics to ascertain which segments hold the greatest value and merit targeted efforts.

By giving precedence to high-value segments, businesses can direct their focus toward customers who are most likely to drive revenue and contribute to long-term growth. However, it remains essential to also factor in segment size, market trends, and projected growth when assessing the viability of these segments.

3. Gather and organize your customer data

The first step in customer segmentation is to gather and organize your customer data. This data can come from a variety of sources, such as your customer relationship management (CRM) tools, website analytics, and social media engagement. Once you have gathered your data, you need to clean and organize it so that it is easy to analyze. This may involve removing duplicate records, correcting errors, and filling in missing data.

4. Segment your customers into relevant groups

Once you have your customer data organized, you can begin to segment your customers into relevant groups. There are a variety of ways to segment customers, such as by demographics (e.g., age, gender, location), behavior (e.g., purchase history, website browsing behavior), and psychographics (e.g., interests, values, lifestyle). The specific variables you choose will depend on your business and goals.

For example, an e-commerce company might segment its customers based on their purchase history. This could allow the company to identify customers who have purchased similar products in the past and send them targeted marketing campaigns.

5. Target and market to your customer segments

Once you have segmented your customers, you can begin to target and market to them more effectively. This involves tailoring your marketing messages and offerings to the specific needs and interests of each segment. For example, the same e-commerce company could send targeted information about their new B2B wholesale module to a segment of customers identified as wholesale distributors, and updates about their new retail POS integration to another segment identified as retail businesses.

It is also important to use the right marketing channels to reach each segment. For example, some segments may be more responsive to email marketing, while others may prefer social media marketing.

6. Regularly review your customer segmentation

Customer segmentation is not a one-time event. It is important to regularly review your segmentation strategy and make adjustments as needed. Customer needs and preferences can change over time.

To review your customer segmentation, you can analyze your customer data to identify trends and patterns. For example, you might look at changes in customer purchase behavior or customer feedback. You can also use this information to identify new segments that you may have missed earlier.

By regularly reviewing your customer segments, you can ensure that your marketing, sales, and product strategies are aligned with the needs of your customers.

Customer segmentation tools

Customer segmentation tools play a pivotal role in consolidating data from various sources and structuring it for the purpose of efficient customer segmentation. These tools streamline the technical intricacies of customer segmentation, thereby affording your team members more time to concentrate on other essential tasks that contribute to your business’s development. Some of the most prevalent tools including the following:


Qualtrics is a leading experience management platform that helps organizations collect, analyze, and act on feedback from their customers, employees, and other stakeholders. With Qualtrics, you can create and distribute surveys, polls, and other types of feedback forms to gather insights on everything from customer satisfaction to employee engagement. Qualtrics also provides a variety of tools for analyzing your data and creating actionable reports.


HubSpot is a customer relationship management (CRM) platform that helps businesses manage their sales, marketing, and customer service operations. With HubSpot, you can track your leads, manage your pipeline, and create automated workflows to streamline your sales process. HubSpot also provides a variety of tools for creating and managing your marketing campaigns, as well as tracking your customer support interactions.


Segment is a customer data platform (CDP) that helps businesses unify their customer data and make it more accessible. With Segment, you can collect customer data from a variety of sources, including your website, CRM, and marketing automation platform. Segment then cleans and organizes your data so that you can easily access and analyze it in your favorite business intelligence tools.


Userpilot is a product onboarding platform that helps businesses guide their users through their products and ensure they’re getting the most value out of them. With Userpilot, you can create interactive walkthroughs, tooltips, and other types of in-app experiences to guide your users through the onboarding process. Userpilot also provides a variety of analytics tools so you can track your users’ progress and identify areas where they may need additional assistance.

Empower Your Startup or Small Business with DigitalOcean

At DigitalOcean, we comprehend the distinct requirements and obstacles that startups and small-to-midsize businesses face. Explore our straightforward, transparent pricing and user-friendly cloud computing tools such as Droplets, Kubernetes, and App Platform.

Sign up for DigitalOcean today.


Try DigitalOcean for free

Click below to sign up and get $200 of credit to try our products over 60 days!Sign up

Related Resources

Product-Led Growth: How to Drive Adoption and Expansion
What is Brand Positioning? Definition, Benefits and Strategies
How to create a marketing budget

Start building today

Sign up now and you'll be up and running on DigitalOcean in just minutes.