nginx from and php7.1

Hi, I was testing nginx with dynamic modules from but I could not get php7.1-fmp wordking. Nginx works, modules works but not php. I am not to knowledgeable is server management. I followed this tutorial except for nginx that I installed from ppa and mariadb instead of mysql: Something is missing but I don’t know what?

Thank you

Submit an answer

This textbox defaults to using Markdown to format your answer.

You can type !ref in this text area to quickly search our full set of tutorials, documentation & marketplace offerings and insert the link!

Sign In or Sign Up to Answer

These answers are provided by our Community. If you find them useful, show some love by clicking the heart. If you run into issues leave a comment, or add your own answer to help others.

Accepted Answer


Generally this section:

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock;

… would look something like:

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock;

The difference being we’re swapping snippets/fastcgi-php.conf with fastcgi_params.

Not all NGINX repositories have a snippets directory that contains blocks of code. Even if they do, not all of them contain everything that’s needed (at least, that has been my experience).

If you don’t mind trying something different, and you have a few extra minutes, I wrote and installer for NGINX that handles a source installation hands-free.

It includes HTTP2, Brotli, a few modules, and multiple example configurations with it.

If you run:

cd /opt


git clone

Followed by:

cd installers/nginx
chmod +x

And finally:


You’ll have a fully configured and optimized NGINX setup with a working PHP configuration that you can copy from the ./installers/nginx/examples directory.

Within this directory there’s a php directory which contains a php.conf file. That’s the one you need and to set it up, all you’d do is:

cp installers/nginx/examples/php/php.conf /etc/nginx/sites/yourdomain.conf


nano /etc/nginx/sites/yourdomain.conf

… and configure it to your liking. There’s also examples on how to setup SSL, Load Balancing, Proxy, and others.

The installer will take about 20-30 minutes as this is a source compile, not a stock repo package. It’s detailed and sets up everything you’d have to do a source compile to setup. A systemd service is also included, so NGINX is controlled using:

systemctl start nginx
systemctl restart nginx
systemctl stop nginx

The only thing I’d recommend doing is:

1). Run the installer on a fresh Ubuntu 16.04 droplet, or; 2). Run:

apt-get -y remove nginx
apt-get -y purge nginx
rm -rf /etc/nginx

This wipes your current NGINX installation, so if you need to backup anything, do it before the above commands. That said, the installer has all the examples you need to get things working and I will be more than happy to help should you have any questions.

As for the examples directory, most are setup so that you only need to change the server_name directive. The only other thing you may need to modify is the fastcgi_pass directive since you’re using sockets instead of TCP, or you can modify:


and change listen to use and restart php-fpm and the example I provided will work without any changes other than those for your domain.


If you installed NGINX and then used the auto-installer that I posted without removing the previous install, it’s most likely attempting to use the version that you installed from the OS repositories.

You should be able to run apt-get remove nginx to remove the repository version that was installed. That shouldn’t remove anything that the auto-installer created, though I’d still recommend backing up the /etc/nginx directory.

Something such as:

mkdir -p /usr/local/src/nginx

…and then:

cp -R /etc/nginx/* /usr/local/src/nginx

That way if something doesn’t work, you can copy the files back in to place from the backup directory.

@jtittle From my google search I need to purge and reinstall nginx. Do you see any other options?

Try DigitalOcean for free

Click below to sign up and get $200 of credit to try our products over 60 days!

Sign up

Featured on Community

Get our biweekly newsletter

Sign up for Infrastructure as a Newsletter.

Hollie's Hub for Good

Working on improving health and education, reducing inequality, and spurring economic growth? We'd like to help.

Become a contributor

Get paid to write technical tutorials and select a tech-focused charity to receive a matching donation.

Welcome to the developer cloud

DigitalOcean makes it simple to launch in the cloud and scale up as you grow — whether you're running one virtual machine or ten thousand.

Learn more
DigitalOcean Cloud Control Panel