nginx server shows 403 error: directory index of > “/home/deploy/my_app/current/public/” is forbidden

Everything was working fine earlier. I got message on Digital Ocean server and so upgraded a few packages on droplet (Ubuntu 18.04 LTS). Since then the site is broken and I get 403 error.

I have restarted nginx several times. Also reinstalled Rails application. I am a newbie. Any help to resolve this 403 error is greatly appreciated.

/etc/nginx/sites-available/default file is as follows:

server {
        listen 80;
        listen [::]:80;
        server_name *;
        return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
server {
        listen 443 ssl http2;
        server_name *;
        passenger_enabled on;
        rails_env    production;
        root         /home/deploy/my_app/current/public;
        ssl_certificate /home/deploy/letsencrypt/fullchain.pem;
        ssl_certificate_key /home/deploy/letsencrypt/privkey.pem;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html


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Accepted Answer

The problem is resolved.

In file nginx.conf the following line needed uncommenting.

# Phusion Passenger config
# Uncomment it if you installed passenger or passenger-enterprise

include /etc/nginx/passenger.conf;

Site Moderator
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January 12, 2021

Hi @codecutter,

There are two things I would recommend. First, make sure you have the proper ownership and permissions on your document root folder /home/deploy/my_app/current/public and /home/deploy/my_app and /home/deploy/my_app/current/. Unless you have a specific permissions scheme, files should be 644 and folders 755. As to ownership, you need to see what your NGINX is using from it’s settings in /etc/nginx.

Once you verified this, I’ll recommend checking out the nginx error_log. In there it should say where exactly is this forbidden error coming from.

If you are not sure about the error from your logs, you can paste it here and I’ll assist in troubleshooting it.

Regards, KFSys

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Using $nginx -V, I verified that the version got upgraded from 1.12.2 to 1.18.0 It was working in earlier version. I wonder if new version broke it.