Tutorial

Reactive Forms in Angular: Listening for Changes

Published on April 19, 2017
author

Alligator.io

Reactive Forms in Angular: Listening for Changes

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Reactive form instances like FormGroup and FormControl have a valueChanges method that returns an observable that emits the latest values. You can therefore subscribe to valueChanges to update instance variables or perform operations.

Take a look at our intro to Reactive Forms if this is all new to you.

Here we’ll create a very simple example that updates a template string every time a value changes in the form.

First, let’s initialize our reactive form with FormBuilder:

myForm: FormGroup;
formattedMessage: string;

constructor(private formBuilder: FormBuilder) {}

ngOnInit() {
  this.myForm = this.formBuilder.group({
    name: '',
    email: '',
    message: ''
  });

  this.onChanges();
}

Notice how we call an onChanges method in the ngOnInit lifecycle hook after having initialized our form. Here’s the content of our onChanges method:

onChanges(): void {
  this.myForm.valueChanges.subscribe(val => {
    this.formattedMessage =
    `Hello,

    My name is ${val.name} and my email is ${val.email}.

    I would like to tell you that ${val.message}.`;
  });
}

You can also listen for changes on specific form controls instead of the whole form group:

onChanges(): void {
  this.myForm.get('name').valueChanges.subscribe(val => {
    this.formattedMessage = `My name is ${val}.`;
  });
}

🌌 Since valueChanges returns an observable, thy sky is pretty much the limit in terms of what you can do with the values that are emitted.

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It should be noted that when you subscribe to form changes, you need to unsubscribe on your components destruction to avoid memory leaks.

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