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Hibernate One to One Mapping Example Annotation

Published on August 3, 2022
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By Pankaj
Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
Hibernate One to One Mapping Example Annotation

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Today we will look into One to One Mapping in Hibernate. We will look into Hibernate One To One Mapping example using Annotation and XML configuration.

One to One Mapping in Hibernate

one to one mapping in hibernate, hibernate one to one mapping, hibernate one to one mapping annotation example Most of the times, database tables are associated with each other. There are many forms of association - one-to-one, one-to-many and many-to-many are at the broad level. These can be further divided into unidirectional and bidirectional mappings. Today we will look into implementing Hibernate One to One Mapping using XML configuration as well as using annotation configuration.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Example Database Setup

First of all we would need to setup One to One mapping in database tables. We will create two tables for our example - Transaction and Customer. Both of these tables will have one to one mapping. Transaction will be the primary table and we will be using Foreign Key in Customer table for one-to-one mapping. I am providing MySQL script, that is the database I am using for this tutorial. If you are using any other database, make sure to change the script accordingly.

-- Create Transaction Table
CREATE TABLE `Transaction` (
  `txn_id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `txn_date` date NOT NULL,
  `txn_total` decimal(10,0) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`txn_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=16 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

-- Create Customer table
CREATE TABLE `Customer` (
  `txn_id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `cust_name` varchar(20) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `cust_email` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `cust_address` varchar(50) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  PRIMARY KEY (`txn_id`),
  CONSTRAINT `customer_ibfk_1` FOREIGN KEY (`txn_id`) REFERENCES `Transaction` (`txn_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Entity Relation Diagram (ERD) of above one-to-one mapping between tables looks like below image. One to One Mapping, Hibernate One to One Mapping Our database setup is ready, let’s move on the Hibernate One to One Example Project now.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Example Project Structure

Create a simple Maven project in your Java IDE, I am using Eclipse. Our final project structure will look like below image. Hibernate One To One Mapping Example, One to One mapping in hibernate, hibernate mapping First of all we will look into XML Based Hibernate One to One Mapping example and then we will implement the same thing using annotation.

Hibernate Maven Dependencies

Our final pom.xml file looks like below.

<project xmlns="https://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="https://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="https://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.journaldev.hibernate</groupId>
  <artifactId>HibernateOneToOneMapping</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <dependencies>
  	<dependency>
  		<groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
  		<artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
  		<version>4.3.5.Final</version>
  	</dependency>
  	<dependency>
  		<groupId>mysql</groupId>
  		<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
  		<version>5.0.5</version>
  	</dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>

Dependencies are just for hibernate and mysql java driver. Note that I am using Hibernate latest version 4.3.5.Final and MySQL java driver based on my MySQL database server version (5.0.5). Hibernate 4 uses JBoss logging and it gets imported automatically as transitive dependency. You can confirm it in the maven dependencies of the project. If you are using Hibernate older versions, you might have to add slf4j dependencies.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Model Classes

Model classes for Hibernate One to One mapping to reflect database tables would be like below.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

import java.util.Date;

public class Txn {

	private long id;
	private Date date;
	private double total;
	private Customer customer;
	
	@Override
	public String toString(){
		return id+", "+total+", "+customer.getName()+", "+customer.getEmail()+", "+customer.getAddress();
	}
	public long getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public Date getDate() {
		return date;
	}
	public void setDate(Date date) {
		this.date = date;
	}
	public double getTotal() {
		return total;
	}
	public void setTotal(double total) {
		this.total = total;
	}
	public Customer getCustomer() {
		return customer;
	}
	public void setCustomer(Customer customer) {
		this.customer = customer;
	}
	
}
package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

public class Customer {

	private long id;
	private String name;
	private String email;
	private String address;
	
	private Txn txn;
	
	public long getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public String getEmail() {
		return email;
	}
	public void setEmail(String email) {
		this.email = email;
	}
	public String getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
	public void setAddress(String address) {
		this.address = address;
	}
	public Txn getTxn() {
		return txn;
	}
	public void setTxn(Txn txn) {
		this.txn = txn;
	}
	
}

Since we are using XML based configuration for mapping, above model classes are simple POJO classes or Java Beans with getter-setter methods. I am using class name as Txn to avoid confusion because Hibernate API have a class name as Transaction.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Configuration

Let’s create hibernate one to one mapping configuration files for Txn and Customer tables. txn.hbm.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
	"https://hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-mapping>
	<class name="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Txn" table="TRANSACTION" >
		<id name="id" type="long">
			<column name="txn_id" />
			<generator class="identity" />
		</id>
		<property name="date" type="date">
			<column name="txn_date" />
		</property>
		<property name="total" type="double">
			<column name="txn_total" />
		</property>
		<one-to-one name="customer" class="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer"
			cascade="save-update" />
	</class>
	
</hibernate-mapping>

The important point to note above is the hibernate one-to-one element for customer property. customer.hbm.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN" 
"https://hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd" >
<hibernate-mapping>

	<class name="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer" table="CUSTOMER">
		<id name="id" type="long">
			<column name="txn_id" />
			<generator class="foreign">
				<param name="property">txn</param>
			</generator>
		</id>
		<one-to-one name="txn" class="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Txn"
			constrained="true"></one-to-one>

		<property name="name" type="string">
			<column name="cust_name"></column>
		</property>
		<property name="email" type="string">
			<column name="cust_email"></column>
		</property>
		<property name="address" type="string">
			<column name="cust_address"></column>
		</property>
	</class>

</hibernate-mapping>

generator class=“foreign” is the important part that is used for hibernate foreign key implementation.

Hibernate Configuration File

Here is the hibernate configuration file for XML based hibernate mapping configuration. hibernate.cfg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
		"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"
		"https://hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
    <session-factory>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">pankaj123</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost/TestDB</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">pankaj</property>
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
        
        <property name="hibernate.current_session_context_class">thread</property>
        <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
        
        <mapping resource="txn.hbm.xml"/>
        <mapping resource="customer.hbm.xml"/>
    </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

Hibernate configuration file is simple, it has database connection properties and hibernate mapping resources.

Hibernate SessionFactory Utility

Here is the utility class to create hibernate SessionFactory instance.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.util;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistryBuilder;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.service.ServiceRegistry;

public class HibernateUtil {

	private static SessionFactory sessionFactory;
	
	private static SessionFactory buildSessionFactory() {
        try {
            // Create the SessionFactory from hibernate.cfg.xml
        	Configuration configuration = new Configuration();
        	configuration.configure("hibernate.cfg.xml");
        	System.out.println("Hibernate Configuration loaded");
        	
        	ServiceRegistry serviceRegistry = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder().applySettings(configuration.getProperties()).build();
        	System.out.println("Hibernate serviceRegistry created");
        	
        	SessionFactory sessionFactory = configuration.buildSessionFactory(serviceRegistry);
        	
            return sessionFactory;
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation failed." + ex);
            ex.printStackTrace();
            throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);
        }
    }
	
	public static SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
		if(sessionFactory == null) sessionFactory = buildSessionFactory();
        return sessionFactory;
    }
}

That’s it, lets write a test program to test the hibernate one to one mapping xml based configuration.

Hibernate One to One Mapping XML Configuration Test Program

In the hibernate one to one mapping example test program, first we will create Txn object and save it. Once it’s saved into database, we will use the generated id to retrieve the Txn object and print it.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.main;

import java.util.Date;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

import com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer;
import com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Txn;
import com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateUtil;

public class HibernateOneToOneMain {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		Txn txn = buildDemoTransaction();
		
		SessionFactory sessionFactory = null;
		Session session = null;
		Transaction tx = null;
		try{
		//Get Session
		sessionFactory = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory();
		session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
		System.out.println("Session created");
		//start transaction
		tx = session.beginTransaction();
		//Save the Model object
		session.save(txn);
		//Commit transaction
		tx.commit();
		System.out.println("Transaction ID="+txn.getId());
		
		//Get Saved Trasaction Data
		printTransactionData(txn.getId(), sessionFactory);
		
		}catch(Exception e){
			System.out.println("Exception occured. "+e.getMessage());
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally{
			if(!sessionFactory.isClosed()){
				System.out.println("Closing SessionFactory");
				sessionFactory.close();
			}
		}
	}

	private static void printTransactionData(long id, SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
		Session session = null;
		Transaction tx = null;
		try{
			//Get Session
			sessionFactory = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory();
			session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
			//start transaction
			tx = session.beginTransaction();
			//Save the Model object
			Txn txn = (Txn) session.get(Txn.class, id);
			//Commit transaction
			tx.commit();
			System.out.println("Transaction Details=\n"+txn);
			
			}catch(Exception e){
				System.out.println("Exception occured. "+e.getMessage());
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
	}

	private static Txn buildDemoTransaction() {
		Txn txn = new Txn();
		txn.setDate(new Date());
		txn.setTotal(100);
		
		Customer cust = new Customer();
		cust.setAddress("Bangalore, India");
		cust.setEmail("pankaj@gmail.com");
		cust.setName("Pankaj Kumar");
		
		txn.setCustomer(cust);
		
		cust.setTxn(txn);
		return txn;
	}

}

Now when we run above one to one mapping in hibernate test program, we get following output.

Hibernate Configuration loaded
Hibernate serviceRegistry created
Session created
Hibernate: insert into TRANSACTION (txn_date, txn_total) values (?, ?)
Hibernate: insert into CUSTOMER (cust_name, cust_email, cust_address, txn_id) values (?, ?, ?, ?)
Transaction ID=19
Hibernate: select txn0_.txn_id as txn_id1_1_0_, txn0_.txn_date as txn_date2_1_0_, txn0_.txn_total as txn_tota3_1_0_, 
customer1_.txn_id as txn_id1_0_1_, customer1_.cust_name as cust_nam2_0_1_, customer1_.cust_email as cust_ema3_0_1_, 
customer1_.cust_address as cust_add4_0_1_ from TRANSACTION txn0_ left outer join CUSTOMER customer1_ on 
txn0_.txn_id=customer1_.txn_id where txn0_.txn_id=?
Transaction Details=
19, 100.0, Pankaj Kumar, pankaj@gmail.com, Bangalore, India
Closing SessionFactory

As you can see that it’s working fine and we are able to retrieve data from both the tables using transaction id. Check the SQL used by Hibernate internally to get the data, its using joins to get the data from both the tables.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Annotation

In the above section, we saw how to use XML based configuration for hibernate one to one mapping, now let’s see how we can use JPA and Hibernate annotation to achieve the same thing.

Hibernate Configuration File

hibernate-annotation.cfg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
		"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"
		"https://hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
    <session-factory>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">pankaj123</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost/TestDB</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">pankaj</property>
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
        
        <property name="hibernate.current_session_context_class">thread</property>
        <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
        
        <mapping class="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Txn1"/>
        <mapping class="com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer1"/>
    </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

Hibernate configuration is simple, as you can see that I have two model classes that we will use with annotations - Txn1 and Customer1.

Hibernate One to One Mapping Annotation Example Model Classes

For hibernate one to one mapping annotation configuration, model classes are the most important part. Let’s see how our model classes look.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.OneToOne;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.Cascade;

@Entity
@Table(name="TRANSACTION")
public class Txn1 {

	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.IDENTITY)
	@Column(name="txn_id")
	private long id;
	
	@Column(name="txn_date")
	private Date date;
	
	@Column(name="txn_total")
	private double total;
	
	@OneToOne(mappedBy="txn")
	@Cascade(value=org.hibernate.annotations.CascadeType.SAVE_UPDATE)
	private Customer1 customer;
	
	@Override
	public String toString(){
		return id+", "+total+", "+customer.getName()+", "+customer.getEmail()+", "+customer.getAddress();
	}

        //Getter-Setter methods, omitted for clarity 
}

Notice that most of the annotations are from Java Persistence API because Hibernate provide it’s implementation. However for cascading, we would need to use Hibernate annotation org.hibernate.annotations.Cascade and enum org.hibernate.annotations.CascadeType.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.model;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.OneToOne;
import javax.persistence.PrimaryKeyJoinColumn;
import javax.persistence.Table;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;
import org.hibernate.annotations.Parameter;

@Entity
@Table(name="CUSTOMER")
public class Customer1 {

	@Id
	@Column(name="txn_id", unique=true, nullable=false)
	@GeneratedValue(generator="gen")
	@GenericGenerator(name="gen", strategy="foreign", parameters={@Parameter(name="property", value="txn")})
	private long id;
	
	@Column(name="cust_name")
	private String name;
	
	@Column(name="cust_email")
	private String email;
	
	@Column(name="cust_address")
	private String address;
	
	@OneToOne
	@PrimaryKeyJoinColumn
	private Txn1 txn;

        //Getter-Setter methods
}

Note that we would need to @GenericGenerator so that id is used from the txn rather than generating it.

Hibernate SessionFactory Utility class

Creating SessionFactory is independent of the way we provide hibernate mapping. Our utility class for creating SessionFactory looks like below.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.util;

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistryBuilder;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.service.ServiceRegistry;

public class HibernateAnnotationUtil {

	private static SessionFactory sessionFactory;
	
	private static SessionFactory buildSessionFactory() {
        try {
            // Create the SessionFactory from hibernate-annotation.cfg.xml
        	Configuration configuration = new Configuration();
        	configuration.configure("hibernate-annotation.cfg.xml");
        	System.out.println("Hibernate Annotation Configuration loaded");
        	
        	ServiceRegistry serviceRegistry = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder().applySettings(configuration.getProperties()).build();
        	System.out.println("Hibernate Annotation serviceRegistry created");
        	
        	SessionFactory sessionFactory = configuration.buildSessionFactory(serviceRegistry);
        	
            return sessionFactory;
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation failed." + ex);
            ex.printStackTrace();
            throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);
        }
    }
	
	public static SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
		if(sessionFactory == null) sessionFactory = buildSessionFactory();
        return sessionFactory;
    }
}

Hibernate One to One Mapping Annotation Example Test Program

Here is a simple test program for our hibernate one to one mapping annotation example.

package com.journaldev.hibernate.main;

import java.util.Date;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

import com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer1;
import com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Txn1;
import com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil;

public class HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		Txn1 txn = buildDemoTransaction();
		
		SessionFactory sessionFactory = null;
		Session session = null;
		Transaction tx = null;
		try{
		//Get Session
		sessionFactory = HibernateAnnotationUtil.getSessionFactory();
		session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
		System.out.println("Session created using annotations configuration");
		//start transaction
		tx = session.beginTransaction();
		//Save the Model object
		session.save(txn);
		//Commit transaction
		tx.commit();
		System.out.println("Annotation Example. Transaction ID="+txn.getId());
		
		//Get Saved Trasaction Data
		printTransactionData(txn.getId(), sessionFactory);
		}catch(Exception e){
			System.out.println("Exception occured. "+e.getMessage());
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally{
			if(sessionFactory != null && !sessionFactory.isClosed()){
				System.out.println("Closing SessionFactory");
				sessionFactory.close();
			}
		}
	}

	private static void printTransactionData(long id, SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
		Session session = null;
		Transaction tx = null;
		try{
			//Get Session
			sessionFactory = HibernateAnnotationUtil.getSessionFactory();
			session = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
			//start transaction
			tx = session.beginTransaction();
			//Save the Model object
			Txn1 txn = (Txn1) session.get(Txn1.class, id);
			//Commit transaction
			tx.commit();
			System.out.println("Annotation Example. Transaction Details=\n"+txn);
			
			}catch(Exception e){
				System.out.println("Exception occured. "+e.getMessage());
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
	}

	private static Txn1 buildDemoTransaction() {
		Txn1 txn = new Txn1();
		txn.setDate(new Date());
		txn.setTotal(100);
		
		Customer1 cust = new Customer1();
		cust.setAddress("San Jose, USA");
		cust.setEmail("pankaj@yahoo.com");
		cust.setName("Pankaj Kr");
		
		txn.setCustomer(cust);
		
		cust.setTxn(txn);
		return txn;
	}

}

Here is the output snippet when we execute above program.

Hibernate Annotation Configuration loaded
Hibernate Annotation serviceRegistry created
Session created using annotations configuration
Hibernate: insert into TRANSACTION (txn_date, txn_total) values (?, ?)
Hibernate: insert into CUSTOMER (cust_address, cust_email, cust_name, txn_id) values (?, ?, ?, ?)
Annotation Example. Transaction ID=20
Hibernate: select txn1x0_.txn_id as txn_id1_1_0_, txn1x0_.txn_date as txn_date2_1_0_, txn1x0_.txn_total as txn_tota3_1_0_, 
customer1x1_.txn_id as txn_id1_0_1_, customer1x1_.cust_address as cust_add2_0_1_, customer1x1_.cust_email as cust_ema3_0_1_, 
customer1x1_.cust_name as cust_nam4_0_1_ from TRANSACTION txn1x0_ left outer join CUSTOMER customer1x1_ on 
txn1x0_.txn_id=customer1x1_.txn_id where txn1x0_.txn_id=?
Annotation Example. Transaction Details=
20, 100.0, Pankaj Kr, pankaj@yahoo.com, San Jose, USA
Closing SessionFactory

Notice that the output is similar to hibernate one to one XML based configuration. That’s all for Hibernate One to One mapping example, you can download the final project from below link and play around with it to learn more.

Download Hibernate OneToOne Mapping Project


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Pankaj

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Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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From this way, // Global static Txn txn = new Txn(); static Customer cust = new Customer(); private static Txn buildDemoTransaction() { txn.setDate(new Date()); txn.setTotal(100); cust.setAddress(“San Jose, USA”); cust.setEmail(“pankaj@yahoo.com”); cust.setName(“Pankaj Kr”); txn.setCustomer(cust); cust.setTxn(txn); return txn; } private static Txn buildDemoTransactionbreak() { Txn txn = new Txn(); txn.setDate(new Date()); txn.setTotal(100); cust.setAddress(“San m, IND”); cust.setEmail(“mn@yahoo.com”); cust.setName(“mn Kr”); txn.setCustomer(cust); cust.setTxn(txn); return txn; } // In Driver Class Txn txn = buildDemoTransaction(); session.save(txn) ; tx.commit(); Transaction tx1 = session.beginTransaction() ; System.out.println(“Session created using annotations configuration”); Txn txn1 = buildDemoTransactionbreak(); session.save(txn1) ; tx1.commit(); session.close(); … In this way, Hibernate is creating two transactions and one customer (updated one) This is Dangerous in live , when we have same transaction and customer is updated , so the first transaction customer is also updated. ====

- Mayank

    i got this error ,you can help me… Initial SessionFactory creation failed.org.hibernate.exception.JDBCConnectionException: Error calling Driver#connect org.hibernate.exception.JDBCConnectionException: Error calling Driver#connect at

    - Saurabh Pandey

      May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.annotations.common.reflection.java.JavaReflectionManager INFO: HCANN000001: Hibernate Commons Annotations {4.0.4.Final} May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.Version logVersion INFO: HHH000412: Hibernate Core {4.3.5.Final} May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.cfg.Environment INFO: HHH000206: hibernate.properties not found May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.cfg.Environment buildBytecodeProvider INFO: HHH000021: Bytecode provider name : javassist May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration configure INFO: HHH000043: Configuring from resource: hibernate-annotation.cfg.xml May 31, 2019 5:10:40 PM org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration getConfigurationInputStream INFO: HHH000040: Configuration resource: hibernate-annotation.cfg.xml May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration doConfigure INFO: HHH000041: Configured SessionFactory: null Hibernate Annotation Configuration loaded Hibernate Annotation serviceRegistry created May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl configure WARN: HHH000402: Using Hibernate built-in connection pool (not for production use!) May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl buildCreator INFO: HHH000401: using driver [com.mysql.jdbc.Driver] at URL [jdbc:mysql://localhost/TestDB] May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl buildCreator INFO: HHH000046: Connection properties: {user=root, password=****} May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl buildCreator INFO: HHH000006: Autocommit mode: false May 31, 2019 5:10:44 PM org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl configure INFO: HHH000115: Hibernate connection pool size: 20 (min=1) Initial SessionFactory creation failed.org.hibernate.exception.JDBCConnectionException: Error calling Driver#connect org.hibernate.exception.JDBCConnectionException: Error calling Driver#connect at org.hibernate.exception.internal.SQLStateConversionDelegate.convert(SQLStateConversionDelegate.java:132) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator$1$1.convert(BasicConnectionCreator.java:118) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator.convertSqlException(BasicConnectionCreator.java:140) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverConnectionCreator.makeConnection(DriverConnectionCreator.java:58) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator.createConnection(BasicConnectionCreator.java:75) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl.configure(DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl.java:106) at org.hibernate.boot.registry.internal.StandardServiceRegistryImpl.configureService(StandardServiceRegistryImpl.java:111) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.initializeService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:234) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.getService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:206) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.internal.JdbcServicesImpl.buildJdbcConnectionAccess(JdbcServicesImpl.java:260) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.internal.JdbcServicesImpl.configure(JdbcServicesImpl.java:94) at org.hibernate.boot.registry.internal.StandardServiceRegistryImpl.configureService(StandardServiceRegistryImpl.java:111) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.initializeService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:234) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.getService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:206) at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildTypeRegistrations(Configuration.java:1885) at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:1843) at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil.buildSessionFactory(HibernateAnnotationUtil.java:22) at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil.getSessionFactory(HibernateAnnotationUtil.java:34) at com.journaldev.hibernate.main.HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.main(HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.java:26) Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.MySQLNonTransientConnectionException: Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:921) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:2985) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:885) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.secureAuth411(MysqlIO.java:3421) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.doHandshake(MysqlIO.java:1247) at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.createNewIO(Connection.java:2775) at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.(Connection.java:1555) at com.mysql.jdbc.NonRegisteringDriver.connect(NonRegisteringDriver.java:285) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverConnectionCreator.makeConnection(DriverConnectionCreator.java:55) … 15 more Exception in thread “main” java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil.buildSessionFactory(HibernateAnnotationUtil.java:29) at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil.getSessionFactory(HibernateAnnotationUtil.java:34) at com.journaldev.hibernate.main.HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.main(HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.java:26) Caused by: org.hibernate.exception.JDBCConnectionException: Error calling Driver#connect at org.hibernate.exception.internal.SQLStateConversionDelegate.convert(SQLStateConversionDelegate.java:132) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator$1$1.convert(BasicConnectionCreator.java:118) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator.convertSqlException(BasicConnectionCreator.java:140) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverConnectionCreator.makeConnection(DriverConnectionCreator.java:58) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.BasicConnectionCreator.createConnection(BasicConnectionCreator.java:75) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl.configure(DriverManagerConnectionProviderImpl.java:106) at org.hibernate.boot.registry.internal.StandardServiceRegistryImpl.configureService(StandardServiceRegistryImpl.java:111) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.initializeService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:234) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.getService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:206) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.internal.JdbcServicesImpl.buildJdbcConnectionAccess(JdbcServicesImpl.java:260) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.internal.JdbcServicesImpl.configure(JdbcServicesImpl.java:94) at org.hibernate.boot.registry.internal.StandardServiceRegistryImpl.configureService(StandardServiceRegistryImpl.java:111) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.initializeService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:234) at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.getService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:206) at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildTypeRegistrations(Configuration.java:1885) at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:1843) at com.journaldev.hibernate.util.HibernateAnnotationUtil.buildSessionFactory(HibernateAnnotationUtil.java:22) … 2 more Caused by: com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.MySQLNonTransientConnectionException: Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client at com.mysql.jdbc.SQLError.createSQLException(SQLError.java:921) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:2985) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.checkErrorPacket(MysqlIO.java:885) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.secureAuth411(MysqlIO.java:3421) at com.mysql.jdbc.MysqlIO.doHandshake(MysqlIO.java:1247) at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.createNewIO(Connection.java:2775) at com.mysql.jdbc.Connection.(Connection.java:1555) at com.mysql.jdbc.NonRegisteringDriver.connect(NonRegisteringDriver.java:285) at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.connections.internal.DriverConnectionCreator.makeConnection(DriverConnectionCreator.java:55) … 15 more

      - Saurabh Pandey

        I got below mentioned exception while session.save method. I am using anotation method kindly correct me org.hibernate.id.IdentifierGenerationException: null id generated for:class com.bean.Customer1 at org.hibernate.event.internal.AbstractSaveEventListener.saveWithGeneratedId(AbstractSaveEventListener.java:121) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.saveWithGeneratedOrRequestedId(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:192) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.entityIsTransient(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:177) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.performSaveOrUpdate(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:97) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.onSaveOrUpdate(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:73) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.fireSaveOrUpdate(SessionImpl.java:682) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.saveOrUpdate(SessionImpl.java:674) at org.hibernate.engine.spi.CascadingActions$5.cascade(CascadingActions.java:219) at org.hibernate.engine.internal.Cascade.cascadeToOne(Cascade.java:490) at org.hibernate.engine.internal.Cascade.cascadeAssociation(Cascade.java:415) at org.hibernate.engine.internal.Cascade.cascadeProperty(Cascade.java:216) at org.hibernate.engine.internal.Cascade.cascade(Cascade.java:149) at org.hibernate.event.internal.AbstractSaveEventListener.cascadeBeforeSave(AbstractSaveEventListener.java:428) at org.hibernate.event.internal.AbstractSaveEventListener.performSaveOrReplicate(AbstractSaveEventListener.java:266) at org.hibernate.event.internal.AbstractSaveEventListener.performSave(AbstractSaveEventListener.java:196) at org.hibernate.event.internal.AbstractSaveEventListener.saveWithGeneratedId(AbstractSaveEventListener.java:127) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.saveWithGeneratedOrRequestedId(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:192) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveEventListener.saveWithGeneratedOrRequestedId(DefaultSaveEventListener.java:38) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.entityIsTransient(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:177) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveEventListener.performSaveOrUpdate(DefaultSaveEventListener.java:32) at org.hibernate.event.internal.DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.onSaveOrUpdate(DefaultSaveOrUpdateEventListener.java:73) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.fireSave(SessionImpl.java:713) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.save(SessionImpl.java:705) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.save(SessionImpl.java:700) at com.resource.HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.main(HibernateOneToOneAnnotationMain.java:30)

        - Venkatesan

          failed.org.hibernate.MappingException: Could not determine type for: com.journaldev.hibernate.model.Customer, at table: TRANSACTION, for columns: [org.hibernate.mapping.Column(customer)] Following this code this error occurs.

          - Bipin Sah

            Organization of content is good, but looks like there is no adequate reasoning provided. Its like “rattafication” based content that has been spilled over.

            - raghave

              Hi i have 3 table and want to map like… one to many between 1 and 2 table and one to one in 2 and 3 table, plz help to mapping these

              - Raisuddin

                Hi this is janardhan i have small query in hibernte one to one relational mapping i need a example such that one to one relation with bidirectional with foreign key constraint using xml

                - janardhan

                  In above example you are using ServiceRegistry Interface for creating the SessionFactory object. What is the advantage for using ServiceRegistry . We can also directly use SessionFactory sf = configuration.buildSessionFactory();

                  - Mayank Singh

                    Hello, thank you for your tutorials it is very useful for beginners. I think there is a little mistake in your ERD. In MySql tables you have defined “txn_id” in “Customer” table as FK for “Transaction” table. That mean ERD should be like “Customer -> Transaction” but you have “Transaction -> Customer”. P.S. Sorry for my English it’s not my native language.

                    - Sergey