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How to Install Maven on Linux (Ubuntu)

Published on August 3, 2022
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By Pankaj
Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
How to Install Maven on Linux (Ubuntu)

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We can install Maven on Linux in a few simple steps. The first step is to install JDK because Maven needs it to execute. In this tutorial, we will learn how to install Maven in Ubuntu. The steps are generic and it will work fine on any other Linux system too.

Installing JDK on Linux/Ubuntu

Generally, we use apt package manager to install anything in Ubuntu. But, it doesn’t have the latest JDK packages. The current version is Java 13 but the command apt list -a | grep openjdk shows only available OpenJDK versions are 8 and 11. So, we will install JDK using binaries and setting some required environment variables.

Step 1: Download the JDK Binaries

Go to the URL: https://jdk.java.net/13/ Copy the download link for Linux/x64 build. Then use the below command to download and extract it.

$ wget https://download.java.net/java/GA/jdk13.0.1/cec27d702aa74d5a8630c65ae61e4305/9/GPL/openjdk-13.0.1_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz
$ tar -xvf openjdk-13.0.1_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz
$ mv jdk-13.0.1 /opt/

I have moved JDK to /opt, you can keep it anywhere in the file system.

Step 2: Setting JAVA_HOME and Path Environment Variables

Open .profile file from the home directory and add the following lines to it.

export PATH

You can relaunch the terminal or execute source .profile command to apply the configuration changes.

Step 3: Verify the Java Installation

You can run java -version command to verify the JDK installation.

$ java -version
openjdk version "13.0.1" 2019-10-15
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 13.0.1+9)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 13.0.1+9, mixed mode, sharing)

Installing Maven on Linux/Ubuntu

We will install Maven in a similar way that we have installed JDK in the Linux system.

Step 1: Download the Maven Binaries

Go to the URL: https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi Copy the link for the “Binary tar.gz archive” file. Then run the following commands to download and untar it.

$ wget https://mirrors.estointernet.in/apache/maven/maven-3/3.6.3/binaries/apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz
$ tar -xvf apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz
$ mv apache-maven-3.6.3 /opt/

Step 2: Setting M2_HOME and Path Variables

Add the following lines to the user profile file (.profile).

export PATH

Relaunch the terminal or execute source .profile to apply the changes.

Step 3: Verify the Maven installation

Execute mvn -version command and it should produce the following output.

$ mvn -version
Apache Maven 3.6.3 (cecedd343002696d0abb50b32b541b8a6ba2883f)
Maven home: /opt/apache-maven-3.6.3
Java version: 13.0.1, vendor: Oracle Corporation, runtime: /opt/jdk-13.0.1
Default locale: en, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "4.15.0-47-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

That’s all. Maven is successfully installed in your Linux system.

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Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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Excuse me, where to find the user profile file? Cannot find it anywhere. Thanks, kr, Yannick

- Yannick Mussche

    no words super

    - srikanth

      Very helpful tutorial. It worked the first time like charm. Many Thanks!!

      - Sanjay Ghosh

        The current Linux x86 JDK is 15.0.1. During the command, tar -xvf openjdk-13.0.1_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz: there is openjdk-13.0.1, but the current JDK requires the modified command, openjdk-15.0.1.

        - Jonathan M. Kelly

          very helpful and genuine tutorial simply i love it.

          - tabitha