# Python ord(), chr() functions

Published on August 3, 2022 By Pankaj
Developer and author at DigitalOcean. While we believe that this content benefits our community, we have not yet thoroughly reviewed it. If you have any suggestions for improvements, please let us know by clicking the “report an issue“ button at the bottom of the tutorial.

Python ord() and chr() are built-in functions. They are used to convert a character to an int and vice versa. Python ord() and chr() functions are exactly opposite of each other.

## Python ord()

Python ord() function takes string argument of a single Unicode character and return its integer Unicode code point value. Let’s look at some examples of using ord() function.

``````x = ord('A')
print(x)

print(ord('ć'))
print(ord('ç'))
print(ord('\$'))
``````

Output:

``````65
263
231
36
``````

## Python chr()

Python chr() function takes integer argument and return the string representing a character at that code point.

``````y = chr(65)
print(y)
print(chr(123))
print(chr(36))
``````

Output:

``````A
{
\$
ć
``````

Since chr() function takes an integer argument and converts it to character, there is a valid range for the input. The valid range for the argument is from 0 through 1,114,111 (0x10FFFF in hexadecimal format). ValueError will be raised if the input integer is outside that range.

``````chr(-10)
``````

Output:

``````ValueError: chr() arg not in range(0x110000)
``````

Let’s see an example of using ord() and chr() function together to confirm that they are exactly opposite of another one.

``````print(chr(ord('ć')))
print(ord(chr(65)))
``````

Output:

``````ć
65
``````

That’s all for a quick introduction of python ord() and chr() functions.

You can checkout complete python script and more Python examples from our GitHub Repository. Pankaj

author

Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

#### Still looking for an answer?

mega nützliche tipp danke bro

- milo

Thank you. You explain things very clearly.

- Neil Thomas

Thank you very much!

- Vishal Vijaykumar Parkar