Bash script with cat and $1

Hello, I am writing a script which, among other things, generates Nginx configuration. Unfortunately, I ran into a problem. In Nginx config, I need to type $1. I use the following method for this:

cat > /etc/nginx/sites-available/website <<EOL
rewrite ^/api/?(.*)$ /web/api.php?url=$1 last;

This makes the output file look like this:

rewrite ^/api/?(.*)$ /web/api.php?url= last;

How do I make cat not interpret $1 as a parameter?

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Bobby Iliev
Site Moderator
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October 24, 2021
Accepted Answer


What you could do is just use a backtick to escape the dollar sign:

cat > /etc/nginx/sites-available/website <<EOL
rewrite ^/api/?(.*)$ /web/api.php?url=\$1 last;

Hope that this helps Regards, Bobby

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