How to cleanup SSH keys?

November 2, 2016 225 views
Security Ubuntu

I restored my droplet to downgrade from 16.04 to 14.04. Ever since, my SSH keys are not working. I tried removing and recreating without success. I manually added the same new key on my local machine, my droplet, and updated the key via the control panel. What am I missing, or how do I clear everything out and recreate the keys? Thanks.

1 Answer
xMudrii November 2, 2016
Accepted Answer


I would first check SSH config, it could be that somehow is wrong there and it's ignoring keys.
Open config file with you favorite editor:

  • sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Now verify that following settings are as this:

sshd_config - Important settings
PubkeyAuthentication yes
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no

Make sure it is set as above and it's uncommented (doesn't have # in beginning of line).
If you changed something make sure you restart SSH:

  • sudo service ssh restart

If you want to clean up all keys, you can delete ~/.ssh/authorized_keys, than you can try again. I recommend you to copy keys with ssh-copy-id if that's possible.

This tutorial can be a good reading and I recommend it.

If you do manual way, you can verify file permissions:

  • sudo chmod 700 ~/.ssh
  • sudo chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys
SSH, or secure shell, is the most common way of administering remote Linux servers. Although the daemon allows password-based authentication, exposing a password-protected account to the network can open up your server to brute-force attacks. In this guide, we demonstrate how to configure your server with SSH keys, which is the recommended authentication method. These are much more difficult for attackers to work around, giving you a more secure login mechanism.
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