How To Copy Files With Rsync Over SSH
Step 1 - Setup public SSH keys
On our origin server, we will generate public SSH keys with no password:
ssh-keygen -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa -q -P "" cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
This is our public SSH key that can be placed on other hosts to give us access:
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDLVDBIpdpfePg/a6h8au1HTKPPrg8wuTrjdh0QFVPpTI4KHctf6/FGg1NOgM++hrDlbrDVStKn/b3Mu65//tuvY5SG9sR4vrINCSQF++a+YRTGU6Sn4ltKpyj3usHERvBndtFXoDxsYKRCtPfgm1BGTBpoSl2A7lrwnmVSg+u11FOa1xSZ393aaBFDSeX8GlJf1SojWYIAbE25Xe3z5L232vZ5acC2PJkvKctzvUttJCP91gbNe5FSwDolE44diYbNYqEtvq2Jt8x45YzgFSVKf6ffnPwnUDwhtvc2f317TKx9l2Eq4aWqXTOMiPFA5ZRM/CF0IJCqeXG6s+qVfRjB root@cloudads
Copy this key to your clipboard and login to your destination server.
Place this SSH key into your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file:
If your SSH folder does not exist, create it manually:
mkdir ~/.ssh chmod 0700 ~/.ssh touch ~/.ssh/authorized_keys chmod 0644 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
Step 3 - Rsync files over
Rsync is a great utility, as it allows you, among many other things, to copy files recursively with compression, and over an encrypted channel.
We will copy a file from our origin server (220.127.116.11) in /root/bigfile.txt over to our destination server (IP: 18.104.22.168) and save it in /root/bigfile.txt as well.
Login on 22.214.171.124 and rsync the file over to 126.96.36.199:
rsync -avz -e "ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null" --progress /root/bigfile.txt 188.8.131.52:/root/
If you are using a different user, for example "username" then you would have to append it in front of destination server. Make sure to have your public key in that user's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file:
rsync -avz -e "ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null" --progress /root/bigfile.txt firstname.lastname@example.org:/
The SSH options are useful to keep Rsync quiet and not prompting everytime you connect to a new server.
Verify that you have received the file on destination server (184.108.40.206):
ls -la /root/bigfile.txt
And you are all done!