How To Create Systemd Unit Files for Buildbot
Buildbot is a Python-based continuous integration system for automating software build, test, and release processes. In the prerequisite tutorial, How To Install Buildbot on Ubuntu 16.04, we created a
buildbot user and group, installed the buildmaster in
/home/buildbot/master and the worker in
/home/buildbot/worker, then manually started the processes the new user.
In this tutorial, we'll create systemd unit files so that the server's init system can manage the Buildbot processes.
One Ubuntu 16.04 server with at least 1 GB of RAM, configured with a non-root
sudo user and a firewall by following the Ubuntu 16.04 initial server setup guide with Buildbot installed and configured using the following guide:
Once you've completed these requirements, you're ready to begin.
Step 1 — Stopping the Running Services
First, if you're still logged in as the
buildbot user from the previous tutorial, type
exit to return to the
sudo user, we'll make sure that the Buildmaster is stopped:
- sudo buildbot stop /home/buildbot/master
Then, we'll ensure the worker is stopped as well:
- sudo buildbot-worker stop /home/buildbot/worker
In each case, we'll get feedback that
buildbot process 1234 is dead, (showing the Process ID that was stopped) or
buildmaster not running, which indicates the service wasn't running in the first place.
Step 2 — Creating the Buildmaster Unit File
Next, we’ll create and open a file named
- sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/buildbot-master.service
[Unit] section we’ll add a description and require that networking must be available before starting the service. In the
[Service] section, we’ll specify that the process runs as the
buildbot user and group we created, define the working directory, and provide the command that should be used to start the master. Finally, in the
[Install] section, we’ll indicate that it should start as part of the the multi-user target at boot:
[Unit] Description=BuildBot master service After=network.target [Service] User=buildbot Group=buildbot WorkingDirectory=/home/buildbot/master ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/buildbot start --nodaemon [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Once we’ve added the content, we’ll save and exit, then test our work.
- sudo systemctl start buildbot-master
We'll use systemd's
status command to check that it started appropriately:
- sudo systemctl status buildbot-master
The output should contain
Active: active (running) and the last line should look something like:
OutputMay 08 21:01:24 BuildBot-Install systemd: Started BuildBot master service.
Finally, we'll enable the buildmaster to start at boot:
- sudo systemctl enable buildbot-master
OutputCreated symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/buildbot-master.service to /etc/systemd/system/buildbot-master.service.
Now that the buildmaster is set up, we'll add the worker.
Step 3 — Creating the Worker Unit File
We’ll create and open a file called
buildbot-worker.service which is configured like
buildbot-master.service but with the values needed to start the worker. In the
[Install] section, we’ll use set the
WantedBy key to the
buildbot-master.service so the worker will be started after the buildmaster.
- sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/buildbot-worker.service
[Unit] Description=BuildBot worker service After=network.target [Service] User=buildbot Group=buildbot WorkingDirectory=/home/buildbot/worker ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/buildbot-worker start --nodaemon [Install] WantedBy=buildbot-master.service
We’ll save and exit, then use
systemctl to start the worker:
- sudo systemctl start buildbot-worker
We'll use the
status command to verify it started successfully:
- sudo systemctl status buildbot-worker
Again, like the master, we should see
Active: active (running) and a final line of output that looks something like:
Output. . . May 08 21:54:46 BuildBot-Install systemd: Started BuildBot worker service.
Finally, we'll enable the worker to start at boot:
- sudo systemctl enable buildbot-worker.service
OutputCreated symlink from /etc/systemd/system/buildbot-master.service.wants/buildbot-worker.service to /etc/systemd/system/buildbot-worker.service.
The output above indicates that the worker is configured to start at boot, but you might like to reboot the server now to confirm everything starts as expected.
In this tutorial, we've added systemd unit files so the server's init system can manage the Buildbot processes, and we've enabled both the buildmaster and worker to start at boot.
In the next tutorial, we'll secure the web interface with SSL using Let's Encrypt, a free SSL certificate service. Note that you'll need a domain name that you own or control in order to generate a certificate.