How To Install Anaconda on Ubuntu 18.04 [Quickstart]
Designed for data science and machine learning workflows, Anaconda is an open-source package manager, environment manager, and distribution of the Python and R programming languages.
This tutorial will guide you through installing Anaconda on an Ubuntu 18.04 server. For a more detailed version of this tutorial, with better explanations of each step, please refer to How To Install the Anaconda Python Distribution on Ubuntu 18.04
Step 1 — Retrieve the Latest Version of Anaconda
From a web browser, go to the Anaconda Downloads page, available via the following link:
Find the latest Linux version and copy the installer bash script.
Step 2 — Download the Anaconda Bash Script
Logged into your Ubuntu 18.04 server as a sudo non-root user, move into the
/tmp directory and use
curl to download the link you copied from the Anaconda website:
- cd /tmp
- curl -O https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-5.1.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
Step 3 — Verify the Data Integrity of the Installer
Ensure the integrity of the installer with cryptographic hash verification through SHA-256 checksum:
- sha256sum Anaconda3-5.1.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
Step 4 — Run the Anaconda Script
- bash Anaconda3-5.1.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
You’ll receive the following output to review the license agreement by pressing
ENTER until you reach the end.
OutputWelcome to Anaconda3 5.1.0 In order to continue the installation process, please review the license agreement. Please, press ENTER to continue >>> ... Do you approve the license terms? [yes|no]
When you get to the end of the license, type
yes as long as you agree to the license to complete installation.
Step 5 — Complete Installation Process
Once you agree to the license, you will be prompted to choose the location of the installation. You can press
ENTER to accept the default location, or specify a different location.
OutputAnaconda3 will now be installed into this location: /home/sammy/anaconda3 - Press ENTER to confirm the location - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation - Or specify a different location below [/home/sammy/anaconda3] >>>
At this point, the installation will proceed. Note that the installation process takes some time.
Step 6 — Select Options
Once installation is complete, you’ll receive the following output:
Output... installation finished. Do you wish the installer to prepend the Anaconda3 install location to PATH in your /home/sammy/.bashrc ? [yes|no] [no] >>>
It is recommended that you type
yes to use the
Next, you will be prompted to download Visual Studio Code, which you can learn more about from the official VSCode website.
yes to install and
no to decline.
Step 7 — Activate Installation
You can now activate the installation with the following command:
- source ~/.bashrc
Step 8 — Test Installation
conda command to test the installation and activation:
- conda list
You’ll receive output of all the packages you have available through the Anaconda installation.
Step 9 — Set Up Anaconda Environments
You can create Anaconda environments with the
conda create command. For example, a Python 3 environment named
my_env can be created with the following command:
- conda create --name my_env python=3
Activate the new environment like so:
- source activate my_env
Your command prompt prefix will change to reflect that you are in an active Anaconda environment, and you are now ready to begin work on a project.
Here are links to more detailed tutorials that are related to this guide: