ownCloud is a file sharing server that permits you to store your personal content, like documents and pictures, in a centralized location, much like Dropbox. The difference with ownCloud is that it is free and open-source, which allows anyone to use and examine it. It also returns the control and security of your sensitive data back to you, thus eliminating the utilization of a third-party cloud hosting service.
In this tutorial, we will install and configure an ownCloud instance on a CentOS 7 server.
In order to complete the steps in this guide, you will need the following:
The ownCloud server package does not exist within the default repositories for CentOS. However, ownCloud maintains a dedicated repository for the distro.
To begin, import their release key with the
rpm command. The key authorizes the package manager
yum to trust the repository.
- sudo rpm --import https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/CentOS_7/repodata/repomd.xml.key
Next, use the
curl command to download the ownCloud repository file:
- sudo curl -L https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/CentOS_7/ce:stable.repo -o /etc/yum.repos.d/ownCloud.repo
After adding the new file, use the
clean command to make
yum aware of the change:
- sudo yum clean expire-cache
OutputLoaded plugins: fastestmirror Cleaning repos: base ce_stable extras updates 6 metadata files removed
Finally, perform the installation of ownCloud using the
yum utility and the
- sudo yum install owncloud
When prompted with
Is this ok [y/d/N]: message, type
Y and press the
ENTER key to authorize the installation.
Output. . . Installed: owncloud.noarch 0:9.1.1-1.2 Dependency Installed: libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.3-2.el7 libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.3-2.el7 libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 libXpm.x86_64 0:3.5.11-3.el7 libpng.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2 libxcb.x86_64 0:1.11-4.el7 libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.28-5.el7 owncloud-deps-php5.noarch 0:9.1.1-1.2 owncloud-files.noarch 0:9.1.1-1.2 php-gd.x86_64 0:5.4.16-36.3.el7_2 php-ldap.x86_64 0:5.4.16-36.3.el7_2 php-mbstring.x86_64 0:5.4.16-36.3.el7_2 php-process.x86_64 0:5.4.16-36.3.el7_2 php-xml.x86_64 0:5.4.16-36.3.el7_2 t1lib.x86_64 0:5.1.2-14.el7 Complete!
With the ownCloud server installed, we will move on to setting up a database for it to use.
To get started, log into MySQL with the administrative account:
- mysql -u root -p
Enter the password you set for the MySQL root user when you installed the database server.
ownCloud requires a separate database for storing administrative data. While you can call this database whatever you prefer, we decided on the name
owncloud to keep things simple.
- CREATE DATABASE owncloud;
Note: Every MySQL statement must end with a semi-colon (;). Be sure to check that this is present if you are experiencing an issue.
Next, create a separate MySQL user account that will interact with the newly created database. Creating one-function databases and accounts is a good idea from a management and security standpoint. As with the naming of the database, choose a username that you prefer. We elected to go with the name
owncloud in this guide.
- GRANT ALL ON owncloud.* to 'owncloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'set_database_password';
Warning: Be sure to put an actual password where the command states:
With the user assigned access to the database, perform the flush-privileges operation to ensure that the running instance of MySQL knows about the recent privilege assignment:
- FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
This concludes the configuration of MySQL, therefore we will quit the session by typing:
With the ownCloud server installed and the database set up, we are ready to turn our attention to configuring the ownCloud application.
To access the ownCloud web interface, open a web browser and navigate to the following address:
If a self-signed certificate is being used, you will likely be presented with a warning because the certificate is not signed by one of your browser’s trusted authorities. This is expected and normal. We are only interested in the encryption aspect of the certificate, not the third-party validation of our host’s authenticity. Click the appropriate button or link to proceed to the ownCloud setup page.
You should see something like this:
Create an admin account by choosing a username and a password. For security purposes it is not recommended to use something like “admin” for the username.
Before clicking the Finish setup button, click on the Storage & database link:
Leave the Data folder setting as-is and click the MySQL/MariaDB button in the Configure the database section.
Enter the database information that you configured in the previous step. Below is an example, which matches the database credentials that we used in this guide:
Click the Finish setup button to sign into ownCloud. A safe home for all your data splash screen should appear:
Click the x in the top-right corner of the splash screen to access the main interface:
Here, you can create or upload files to your personal cloud.
ownCloud can replicate the capabilities of popular third-party cloud storage services. Content can be shared between users or externally with public URLs. The advantage of ownCloud is that the information is stored securely in a place that you control.
Explore the interface and for additional functionality, install plugins using ownCloud’s app store.
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