How To Install MediaWiki on Centos 6.4
MediaWiki is a free open source wiki program that allows users to create their own personal wiki sites. Originally built for Wikpedia, it is now used by thousands of other projects due to its scalability and high customization.
Before working with MediaWiki, you need to have LAMP installed on your server. If you don't have the Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP stack on your server, you can find the tutorial for setting it up here: CentOS LAMP Installation Tutorial.
Install MediaWiki on your VPS
At the time of writing, the latest version of MediaWiki is MediaWiki 1.21.2. To check for the latest version of the platform, visit their website and simply alter the code to match the most updated version (if desirable).
- Go to MediaWiki’s official website and download the latest version of the platform:
tar xvzf mediawiki-*.tar.gz
sudo mv mediawiki-1.21.2 /etc/mediawiki
sudo ln -s /etc/mediawiki/ /var/www/html
sudo service apache2 restart
Create a MySQL Database and User
Creating a MySQL database is simple and increases security, as it eliminates the need for sharing the MySQL root information. Follow these steps:
- Log into MySQL
mysql -u root -p
You can name your DB whatever you'd like-- here it will be **example_wiki**.
create database example_wiki;
Next you will provide a user for the new database with the permissions that MediaWiki requires. Replace "wikiuser" and "password" with your own specifications.
grant index, create, select, insert, update, delete, alter, lock tables on my_wiki.* to 'wikiuser'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
Implement changes and quit MySQL.
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit;
Set Up MediaWiki
MediaWiki will now be configured through your browser's on-screen instructions.
When you reach the “MySQL settings” section of the setup page, leave the Database Host as localhost; enter in the MySQL database name, username, and password which you setup in the previous steps.
Press continue until you reach the page that says, “Complete!”
Once the LocalSettings.php file finishes downloading, upload it to /etc/mediawiki or whichever directory contains MediaWiki’s “index.php” file on your VPS.
You can copy the LocalSettings.php file from your computer to the server with SCP (Secure Copy):
scp /path/to/LocalSettings.php [username]@[IP Address]:/etc/mediawiki
After the file is uploaded, you will be able to access your personal wiki at [domain]/mediawiki!