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How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04 [Quickstart]

PostedJuly 16, 2018 20.7k views R Quickstart Ubuntu 18.04

Introduction

R is an open-source programming language that specializes in statistical computing and graphics. In this tutorial, we will install R on an Ubuntu 18.04 server.

For a more detailed version of this tutorial, with better explanations of each step, please refer to How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04.

Step 1 — Add GPG Key

Logged into your Ubuntu 18.04 server as a sudo non-root user, add the relevant GPG key.

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9

Step 2 — Add the R Repository

  • sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/ubuntu bionic-cran35/'

If you’re not using 18.04, find the relevant repository from the R Project Ubuntu list, named for each release.

Step 3 — Update Package Lists

  • sudo apt update

Step 4 — Install R

  • sudo apt install r-base

If prompted to confirm installation, press y to continue.

Step 5 — Test Install

Start R’s interactive shell as root.

  • sudo -i R

You should receive output similar to the following:

Output
R version 3.5.1 (2018-07-02) -- "Feather Spray" Copyright (C) 2018 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit) ... Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R. >

This confirms that we’ve successfully installed R and entered its interactive shell.

Here are links to more detailed tutorials that are related to this guide:

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