How To Set Up SETI@home on Ubuntu 14.04 or Debian 7
How To Set Up SETI@home on Ubuntu 14.04 or Debian 7
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How To Set Up SETI@home on Ubuntu 14.04 or Debian 7

PostedMarch 11, 2015 24k views Miscellaneous

Introduction

SETI@home is a large volunteer distributed computing project where software running on participant systems is used to analyze space telescope radio data in order to identify signals or signs of intelligent life. SETI@home uses software known as BOINC which is available on many platforms including Linux.

BOINC has a graphical application but also works via the command line. This makes running SETI@home on a Droplet or another headless server very feasible. SETI@home requires very little disk space for usage — typically, 100MB of space is sufficient — but can utilize as much CPU as it's given.

Prerequisites

  • An Ubuntu 14.04 or Debian 7 Droplet, any size.

  • A sudo non-root user. You can follow the first four steps of this tutorial for setup on Ubuntu, and this tutorial for Debian.

Step One — Install boinc-client

SETI@home operates via the BOINC client which is available in the standard Debian and Ubuntu repositories.

sudo apt-get install boinc-client

Step Two — Connect to a SETI@home Account

With SETI@home, you'll earn SETI credit for work completed. To connect this host to a SETI@home account and receive credit, an account key is needed.

First, create a SETI@home account or log in to your existing SETI@home account. Once inside, click View next to Account keys.

Account Keys

You'll see your SETI@home account key on the top of the next page. Run the following command with your account key:

boinccmd --project_attach http://setiathome.berkeley.edu account_key

At this point, boinc will begin crunching away with default values.

For now, stop the boinc-client service so CPU usage preferences can be set.

sudo service boinc-client stop

Step Three — Configure Host CPU Usage Preferences

By default, the BOINC client will use 100% of available CPU. In this step, we will configure the host to use less CPU.

Note: In a cloud hosting environment, you are required to lower your CPU utilization from 100% to avoid excessive high usage, which might affect neighboring Droplets.

Local host preferences are set in the file /var/lib/boinc client/global_prefs_override.xml, which will be empty initially. An example file is given below for this guide, which is the recommended configuration for a Droplet.

Edit the file /var/lib/boinc-client/global_prefs_override.xml.

sudo nano /var/lib/boinc-client/global_prefs_override.xml

You will see an some existing text that looks like this:

<global_preferences>
</global_preferences>

Delete that, and paste in this example file.

<global_preferences>
   <run_on_batteries>0</run_on_batteries>
   <run_if_user_active>1</run_if_user_active>
   <run_gpu_if_user_active>0</run_gpu_if_user_active>
   <suspend_cpu_usage>50.000000</suspend_cpu_usage>
   <start_hour>0.000000</start_hour>
   <end_hour>0.000000</end_hour>
   <net_start_hour>0.000000</net_start_hour>
   <net_end_hour>0.000000</net_end_hour>
   <leave_apps_in_memory>0</leave_apps_in_memory>
   <confirm_before_connecting>1</confirm_before_connecting>
   <hangup_if_dialed>0</hangup_if_dialed>
   <dont_verify_images>0</dont_verify_images>
   <work_buf_min_days>0.100000</work_buf_min_days>
   <work_buf_additional_days>0.500000</work_buf_additional_days>
   <max_ncpus_pct>100.000000</max_ncpus_pct>
   <cpu_scheduling_period_minutes>60.000000</cpu_scheduling_period_minutes>
   <disk_interval>60.000000</disk_interval>
   <disk_max_used_gb>10.000000</disk_max_used_gb>
   <disk_max_used_pct>90.000000</disk_max_used_pct>
   <disk_min_free_gb>1.500000</disk_min_free_gb>
   <vm_max_used_pct>75.000000</vm_max_used_pct>
   <ram_max_used_busy_pct>50.000000</ram_max_used_busy_pct>
   <ram_max_used_idle_pct>90.000000</ram_max_used_idle_pct>
   <max_bytes_sec_up>0.000000</max_bytes_sec_up>
   <max_bytes_sec_down>0.000000</max_bytes_sec_down>
  <cpu_usage_limit>25.000000</cpu_usage_limit>
   <daily_xfer_limit_mb>0.000000</daily_xfer_limit_mb>
   <daily_xfer_period_days>0</daily_xfer_period_days>
</global_preferences>

Next we will inspect two settings in this example file concerning CPU, which are highlighted above.

The first preference is cpu_usage_limit, which is used to limit the amount of CPU used by SETI@home. The example file uses a setting of 25.000000, meaning CPU usage is limited to 25% max. 25.000000 is a good setting if your machine is dedicated for another task or service but contribution to SETI@home is still desired.

The second preference is suspend_cpu_usage which is used to temporarily suspend SETI@home from operation when CPU usage by other application reaches that level. In the example file, suspendcpuusage is set to 50.000000, or 50%.

You can read more about BOINC preferences on their wiki.

After saving and closing the file, start the boinc-client. This will allow SETI@home to start performing work.

sudo service boinc-client start

Step Four — Verify the Newly Added Host

After about five minutes, the new host should appear online. Connected computers can be viewed inside the SETI@home account page.

Connected Computers

Step Five — Check the Status of Work Units

To view the status of work units or tasks, use the command:

boinccmd --get_simple_gui_info

Note that this displays your general SETI@home account information followed by current executing tasks on this specific host.

Below is example output for --getsimplegui_info:

boinccmd --get_simple_gui_info
======== Projects ========
1) -----------
   name: SETI@home
   master URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/
   user_name: stmiller
   team_name: SETI.USA
   resource share: 100.000000
   user_total_credit: 33159.675770
   user_expavg_credit: 1409.252845
   host_total_credit: 0.000000
   host_expavg_credit: 0.000000
   nrpc_failures: 0
   master_fetch_failures: 0
   master fetch pending: no
   scheduler RPC pending: no
   trickle upload pending: no
   attached via Account Manager: no
   ended: no
   suspended via GUI: no
   don't request more work: no
   disk usage: 0.000000
   last RPC: 1423684749.199424
   project files downloaded: 0.000000
GUI URL:
   name: Message boards
   description: Correspond with other users on the SETI@home message boards
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/forum_index.php
GUI URL:
   name: Help
   description: Ask questions and report problems
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/forum_help_desk.php
GUI URL:
   name: Your account
   description: View your account information
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/home.php
GUI URL:
   name: Your preferences
   description: View and modify your computing preferences
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/prefs.php?subset=global
GUI URL:
   name: Your results
   description: View your last week (or more) of computational results and work
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/results.php?userid=9351194
GUI URL:
   name: Your computers
   description: View a listing of all the computers on which you are running SETI@Home
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/hosts_user.php?userid=9351194
GUI URL:
   name: Your team
   description: View information about your team: SETI.USA
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/team_display.php?teamid=115396
GUI URL:
   name: Donate
   description: Donate to SETI@home
   URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/sah_donate.php

======== Tasks ========
1) -----------
   name: 25fe12ab.24545.17667.438086664204.12.226_0
   WU name: 25fe12ab.24545.17667.438086664204.12.226
   project URL: http://setiathome.berkeley.edu/
   report deadline: Wed Mar  4 02:06:18 2015
   ready to report: no
   got server ack: no
   final CPU time: 0.000000
   state: downloaded
   scheduler state: scheduled
   exit_status: 0
   signal: 0
   suspended via GUI: no
   active_task_state: EXECUTING
   app version num: 701
   checkpoint CPU time: 352.733700
   current CPU time: 378.866400
   fraction done: 0.088431
   swap size: 110309376.000000
   working set size: 40030207.999996
   estimated CPU time remaining: 2505.901220

The status of SETI@home credit can also be viewed inside your account page under Computing and credit.

Conclusion

The SETI@home forum is the best place for news and questions about running SETI@home.

To join a team, view the team page!

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