// Tutorial //

Eliminate Render-Blocking JavaScript with Async and Defer

Published on August 20, 2016
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    By Alligator.io
    Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
    Eliminate Render-Blocking JavaScript with Async and Defer

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    With HTML5, we get two new boolean attributes for the <script> tag: async and defer. Async allows execution of scripts asynchronously and defer allows execution only after the whole document has been parsed.

    These two attributes are a must for increasing speed and performance of websites. They allow the elimination of render-blocking JavaScript where the page would have to load and execute scripts before finishing to render the page. Here’s a usage example:

    <script defer src="/js/jquery.min.js">
    </script>
    
    
    

    Async vs Defer

    With async, the file gets downloaded asynchronously and then executed as soon as it’s downloaded.

    With defer, the file gets downloaded asynchronously, but executed only when the document parsing is completed. With defer, scripts will execute in the same order as they are called. This makes defer the attribute of choice when a script depends on another script. For example, if you’re using jQuery as well as other scripts that depend on it, you’d use defer on them (jQuery included), making sure to call jQuery before the dependent scripts.

    A good strategy is to use async when possible, and then defer when async isn’t an option.

    👉Note that both attributes don’t have any effect on inline scripts.

    Browser Support

    Can I Use script-async? Data on support for the script-async feature across the major browsers from caniuse.com.

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    About the authors
    Default avatar
    Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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