Install MongoDB on Linux

Published on August 3, 2022


Install MongoDB on Linux

Sometime back I wrote a post on how to install MongoDB on Mac OS X. However most of the development usually happens on Unix/Linux machines. So today we will look into how to install MongoDB on linux system.

Install MongoDB on Linux

install mongodb on linux Current version of MongoDB is 3.4.7 and I will be installing 64-bit version through command line. The steps to install MongoDB on Linux are very simple, just follow the below terminal commands to download and install it.

  1. Download and extract the MongoDB binaries
root@dev [/home/journal]# mkdir mongodb
root@dev [/home/journal]# cd mongodb/
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# curl -O https://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7.tgz
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 82.7M  100 82.7M    0     0  1704k      0  0:00:49  0:00:49 --:--:-- 1334k
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# tar xvf mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7.tgz
  1. Add MongoDB bin directory to PATH variable
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.4.7 mongodb
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb]# cd mongodb
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# echo $PATH
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# export PATH=$PATH:/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin
  1. Create directory for MongoDB files and start it
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# mkdir data
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb]# cd bin
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ./mongod --dbpath /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data &
[1] 30387
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# 2014-08-04T13:56:05.916+0000 [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=30387 port=27017 dbpath=/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data 64-bit host=dev.journaldev.com
2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] db version v3.4.7
2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] git version: 255f67a66f9603c59380b2a389e386910bbb52cb
2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] build info: Linux build12.nj1.10gen.cc 2.6.32-431.3.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Jan 3 21:39:27 UTC 2014 x86_64 BOOST_LIB_VERSION=1_49
2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] allocator: tcmalloc
2014-08-04T13:56:05.917+0000 [initandlisten] options: { storage: { dbPath: "/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data" } }
2014-08-04T13:56:05.922+0000 [initandlisten] journal dir=/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/journal
2014-08-04T13:56:05.922+0000 [initandlisten] recover : no journal files present, no recovery needed
2014-08-04T13:56:06.064+0000 [FileAllocator] allocating new datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.ns, filling with zeroes...
2014-08-04T13:56:06.064+0000 [FileAllocator] creating directory /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/_tmp
2014-08-04T13:56:06.067+0000 [FileAllocator] done allocating datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.ns, size: 16MB,  took 0.001 secs
2014-08-04T13:56:06.069+0000 [FileAllocator] allocating new datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.0, filling with zeroes...
2014-08-04T13:56:06.070+0000 [FileAllocator] done allocating datafile /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data/local.0, size: 64MB,  took 0.001 secs
2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] build index on: local.startup_log properties: { v: 1, key: { _id: 1 }, name: "_id_", ns: "local.startup_log" }
2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] 	 added index to empty collection
2014-08-04T13:56:06.071+0000 [initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017
  1. Use “ps” command to confirm MongoDB is running
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]#
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ps -eaf | grep mongo
root      7199 28009  0 14:09 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mongo
root     30387 28009  0 13:56 pts/0    00:00:02 ./mongod --dbpath /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/data
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]#

That’s it, our MongoDB is installed on linux machine and running fine. However, you might want to export the PATH through your user profile i.e .bash_profile or .profile, so that it’s not gone once you quit the terminal.

Execute MongoDB commands

Now let’s connect to the MongoDB and run some mongodb commands to make sure it’s running fine.

root@dev [~]# cd /home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin/
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# ./mongo
MongoDB shell version: 3.4.7
connecting to: test
> show dbs
admin  (empty)
local  0.078GB
> use journaldev
switched to db journaldev
> db.names.save({"id":123,"name":"Pankaj"})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.names.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("53df918adbef24e88560fa5b"), "id" : 123, "name" : "Pankaj" }
> db.datas.save({})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> show collections
> show dbs
admin       (empty)
journaldev  0.078GB
local       0.078GB
> exit
root@dev [/home/journal/mongodb/mongodb/bin]# 

As you can see that everything seems to be smooth and I am able to save and retrieve data from MongoDB database. If you quit the terminal from which the mongodb was started, it will be stopped. Use nohup command to start it, so that it won’t stop even after you close the terminal. MongoDB Download Page

Thanks for learning with the DigitalOcean Community. Check out our offerings for compute, storage, networking, and managed databases.

Learn more about our products

About the authors
Default avatar


While we believe that this content benefits our community, we have not yet thoroughly reviewed it. If you have any suggestions for improvements, please let us know by clicking the “report an issue“ button at the bottom of the tutorial.

Still looking for an answer?

Ask a questionSearch for more help

Was this helpful?
DigitalOcean Employee
DigitalOcean Employee badge
August 5, 2020

I want to change the to linux hostname, how can I do it? Configuration File Options https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/configuration-options/#conf-file

- aa

    DigitalOcean Employee
    DigitalOcean Employee badge
    July 31, 2020

    I want to change the to linux hostname, how can I do it?

    - sekhar

      DigitalOcean Employee
      DigitalOcean Employee badge
      June 25, 2019

      Please explain the license requirement for using mongodb in testing env for learning purpose. Will not be used for any production/client activity.

      - Bitu

        DigitalOcean Employee
        DigitalOcean Employee badge
        September 4, 2018

        how to connect remote mongoDB to local IDE like robo mongo, etc…?

        - Kumaresan

          Try DigitalOcean for free

          Click below to sign up and get $200 of credit to try our products over 60 days!

          Sign up

          Join the Tech Talk
          Success! Thank you! Please check your email for further details.

          Please complete your information!

          Featured on Community

          Get our biweekly newsletter

          Sign up for Infrastructure as a Newsletter.

          Hollie's Hub for Good

          Working on improving health and education, reducing inequality, and spurring economic growth? We'd like to help.

          Become a contributor

          Get paid to write technical tutorials and select a tech-focused charity to receive a matching donation.

          Welcome to the developer cloud

          DigitalOcean makes it simple to launch in the cloud and scale up as you grow — whether you're running one virtual machine or ten thousand.

          Learn more
          DigitalOcean Cloud Control Panel