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Python not equal operator

Published on August 3, 2022
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By Pankaj
Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
Python not equal operator

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Python not equal operator returns True if two variables are of same type and have different values, if the values are same then it returns False. Python is dynamic and strongly typed language, so if the two variables have the same values but they are of different type, then not equal operator will return True.

Python not equal operators

Operator Description
!= Not Equal operator, works in both Python 2 and Python 3.
<> Not equal operator in Python 2, deprecated in Python 3.

Python 2 Example

Let’s see some examples of not-equal operator in Python 2.7.

$ python2.7
Python 2.7.10 (default, Aug 17 2018, 19:45:58) 
[GCC 4.2.1 Compatible Apple LLVM 10.0.0 (clang-1000.0.42)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> 10 <> 20
True
>>> 10 <> 10
False
>>> 10 != 20
True
>>> 10 != 10
False
>>> '10' != 10
True
>>> 

Python 2 Not Equal Operators

Python 3 Example

Here is some examples with Python 3 console.

$ python3.7
Python 3.7.0 (v3.7.0:1bf9cc5093, Jun 26 2018, 23:26:24) 
[Clang 6.0 (clang-600.0.57)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> 10 <> 20
  File "<stdin>", line 1
    10 <> 20
        ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax
>>> 10 != 20
True
>>> 10 != 10
False
>>> '10' != 10
True
>>> 

Python Not Equal Operator We can use Python not equal operator with f-strings too if you are using Python 3.6 or higher version.

x = 10
y = 10
z = 20

print(f'x is not equal to y = {x!=y}')

flag = x != z
print(f'x is not equal to z = {flag}')

# python is strongly typed language
s = '10'
print(f'x is not equal to s = {x!=s}')

Output:

x is not equal to y = False
x is not equal to z = True
x is not equal to s = True

Python not equal with custom object

When we use not equal operator, it calls __ne__(self, other) function. So we can define our custom implementation for an object and alter the natural output. Let’s say we have Data class with fields - id and record. When we are using the not-equal operator, we just want to compare it for record value. We can achieve this by implementing our own __ne__() function.

class Data:
    id = 0
    record = ''

    def __init__(self, i, s):
        self.id = i
        self.record = s

    def __ne__(self, other):
        # return true if different types
        if type(other) != type(self):
            return True
        if self.record != other.record:
            return True
        else:
            return False


d1 = Data(1, 'Java')
d2 = Data(2, 'Java')
d3 = Data(3, 'Python')

print(d1 != d2)
print(d2 != d3)

Output:

False
True

Notice that d1 and d2 record values are same but “id” is different. If we remove __ne__() function, then the output will be like this:

True
True

You can checkout complete python script and more Python examples from our GitHub Repository.


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About the authors
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Pankaj

author

Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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Great explanation Pankaj! Thanks

- Nico