ownCloud is a file sharing server that permits you to store your personal content, like documents and pictures, in a centralized location, much like Dropbox. The difference with ownCloud is that it is free and open-source, which allows anyone to use and examine it. It also returns the control and security of your sensitive data back to you, thus eliminating the utilization of a third-party cloud hosting service.
In this tutorial, we will install and configure an ownCloud instance on an Ubuntu 16.04 server.
In order to complete the steps in this guide, you will need the following:
The ownCloud server package does not exist within the default repositories for Ubuntu. However, ownCloud maintains a dedicated repository for the distro.
To begin, download their release key using the
curl command and import it with the
apt-key utility with the
- sudo curl https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Ubuntu_16.04/Release.key | sudo apt-key add -
Output. . . % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 1358 100 1358 0 0 2057 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 2057 OK
The ‘Release.key’ file contains a PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) public key which
apt will use to verify that the ownCloud package is authentic.
In addition to importing the key, create a file called
owncloud.list in the
sources.list.d directory for
apt. The file will contain the address to the ownCloud repository.
- echo 'deb https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Ubuntu_16.04/ /' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud.list
Outputdeb https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Ubuntu_16.04/ /
After adding a new source, use the
apt-get utility and the
update command to make
apt aware of the change:
- sudo apt-get update
Output. . . W: https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/stable/Ubuntu_16.04/Release.gpg: Signature by key DDA2C105C4B73A6649AD2BBD47AE7F72479BC94B uses weak digest algorithm (SHA1)
Finally, perform the installation of ownCloud using the
apt-get utility and the
- sudo apt-get install owncloud
When prompted with the
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] message, press the
ENTER key to confirm the installation.
OutputSetting up owncloud-deps-php7.0 (9.1.1-1.2) ... Enabling conf owncloud. To activate the new configuration, you need to run: service apache2 reload apache2_invoke: Enable module rewrite apache2_invoke owncloud: already enabled Setting up owncloud (9.1.1-1.2) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu4) ... Processing triggers for libapache2-mod-php7.0 (7.0.8-0ubuntu0.16.04.3) ...
As you can see by the output, the installation created a new configuration for Apache. Use the
systemctl utility with the
reload command to make the Apache daemon aware of the change:
- sudo systemctl reload apache2
With the ownCloud server installed, we will move on to setting up a database for it to use.
To get started, log into MySQL with the administrative account:
- mysql -u root -p
Enter the password you set for the MySQL root user when you installed the database server.
ownCloud requires a separate database for storing administrative data. While you can call this database whatever you prefer, we decided on the name
owncloud to keep things simple.
- CREATE DATABASE owncloud;
Note: Every MySQL statement must end with a semi-colon (;). Be sure to check that this is present if you are experiencing an issue.
Next, create a separate MySQL user account that will interact with the newly created database. Creating one-function databases and accounts is a good idea from a management and security standpoint. As with the naming of the database, choose a username that you prefer. We elected to go with the name
owncloud in this guide.
- GRANT ALL ON owncloud.* to 'owncloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'set_database_password';
Warning: Be sure to put an actual password where the command states:
With the user assigned access to the database, perform the flush-privileges operation to ensure that the running instance of MySQL knows about the recent privilege assignment:
- FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
This concludes the configuration of MySQL, therefore we will quit the session by typing:
With the ownCloud server installed and the database set up, we are ready to turn our attention to configuring the ownCloud application.
To access the ownCloud web interface, open a web browser and navigate to the following address:
If a self-signed certificate is being used, you will likely be presented with a warning because the certificate is not signed by one of your browser’s trusted authorities. This is expected and normal. We are only interested in the encryption aspect of the certificate, not the third-party validation of our host’s authenticity. Click the appropriate button or link to proceed to the ownCloud admin page.
You should see something like this:
Create an admin account by choosing a username and a password. For security purposes it is not recommended to use something like “admin” for the username.
Before clicking the Finish setup button, click on the Storage & database link:
Leave the Data folder setting as-is and click the MySQL/MariaDB button in the Configure the database section.
Enter the database information that you configured in the previous step. Below is an example, which matches the database credentials that we used in this guide:
Click the Finish setup button to sign into ownCloud. A safe home for all your data splash screen should appear:
Click the x in the top-right corner of the splash screen to access the main interface:
Here, you can create or upload files to your personal cloud.
ownCloud can replicate the capabilities of popular third-party cloud storage services. Content can be shared between users or externally with public URLs. The advantage of ownCloud is that the information is stored securely in a place that you control.
Explore the interface and for additional functionality, install plugins using ownCloud’s app store.
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