This article covers a version of CentOS that is no longer supported. If you are currently operating a server running CentOS 6, we highly recommend upgrading or migrating to a supported version of CentOS.
Reason: CentOS 6 reached end of life (EOL) on November 30th, 2020 and no longer receives security patches or updates. For this reason, this guide is no longer maintained.
This guide might still be useful as a reference, but may not work on other CentOS releases. If available, we strongly recommend using a guide written for the version of CentOS you are using.
Warning: FTP is inherently insecure. If you must use FTP, consider securing your FTP connection with SSL/TLS. Otherwise, it is best to use SFTP, a secure alternative to FTP.
The first two letters of vsftpd stand for "very secure" and the program was built to have strongest protection against possible FTP vulnerabilities.
You can quickly install vsftpd on your virtual private server in the command line:
sudo yum install vsftpd
We also need to install the FTP client, so that we can connect to an FTP server:
sudo yum install ftp
Once the files finish downloading, vsftpd will be on your VPS. Generally speaking, the virtual private server is already configured with a reasonable amount of security. However, it does provide access to anonymous users.
Once VSFTP is installed, you can adjust the configuration.
Open up the configuration file:
sudo vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
One primary change you need to make is to change the Anonymous_enable to No:
Prior to this change, vsftpd allowed anonymous, unidentified users to access the VPS's files. This is useful if you are seeking to distribute information widely, but may be considered a serious security issue in most other cases. After that, uncomment the local_enable option, changing it to yes.
Finish up by uncommenting command to chroot_local_user. When this line is set to Yes, all the local users will be jailed within their chroot and will be denied access to any other part of the server.
Finish up by restarting vsftpd:
sudo service vsftpd restart
In order to ensure that vsftpd runs at boot, run chkconfig:
chkconfig vsftpd on
Once you have installed the FTP server and configured it to your liking, you can now access it.
You can reach an FTP server in the browser by typing the domain name into the address bar and logging in with the appropriate ID. Keep in mind, you will only be able to access the user's home directory.
Alternatively, you can reach the FTP server through the command line by typing:
Then you can use the word, "exit," to get out of the FTP shell.
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When add a new user:
You can disable the login ssh with and just for ftp:
usermod -s /sbin/nologin userftp
It will be your existing server user
what will be the ftp username and password for this setup?
Hi Sudsachin, that’s a great suggestion! I will build out the article further in the coming days. Thanks!
sudo service vsftpd restart
Starting vsftpd for vsftpd: [FAILED]
what to do?
i have followed all steps but when i try to ftp i got error
[root@lhr ~]# ftp 126.96.36.199 ftp: connect: Connection refused ftp> exit [root@lhr ~]# find / -name test_file [root@lhr ~]# ftp lhr.cybershells.net ftp: connect: Connection refused ftp>
also in browser it ask login pass again and again
Hi Etel! You have great articles! Did you post how to setup users and their directories? Plese send me the link. Thanks!
this really help me
Stupid question, but where can i find the command line “You can quickly install vsftpd on your virtual private server in the command line:” ?
is it console? if so it asks me for login and password, which login and password should i input?
im getting below error via filezilla
response: 550 Failed to change directory. Error: Failed to retrieve directory listing
can you help me