// Tutorial //

How To Insert Javascript into HTML Using the script Tag

Published on February 3, 2016 · Updated on September 23, 2020
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    By Alligator.io
    Developer and author at DigitalOcean.
    How To Insert Javascript into HTML Using the script Tag

    Introduction

    You can insert Javascript into HTML inline or as an external file using the <script> tag. This tutorial demonstrates both methods.

    Prerequisites

    Inserting Javascript into HTML using the <script> tag

    Here’s how to insert an external JavaScript file or some inline JavaScript in your HTML documents.

    To insert an external script file:

    <script src="doStuff.js"></script>
    

    To insert an inline script:

    <script>
      // your code here
    </script>
    

    Remember that where you insert the JavaScript influences the load order. Essential stuff like jQuery itself is usually placed in the <head> section and stuff that can be loaded last like tracking scripts can usually be right before the closing </body> tag.

    type="text/javascript"

    type="text/javascript" is an optional declaration and unnecessary since HTML5. You’ll still see it in legacy code, but you don’t have to use it in your own code.

    Conclusion

    <script> is one of the most common and important tags in HTML.

    For a more comprehensive review of the HTML5 markup language, explore our series, How To Build a Website in HTML.

    For a more comprehensive review of Javascript, explore our series, How To Code in Javascript.

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    About the authors
    Default avatar
    Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

    Default avatar
    Developer and author at DigitalOcean.

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