Ruby on Rails is one of the most popular application stacks for developers looking to create sites and web apps. The Ruby programming language, combined with the Rails development framework, makes app development simple.
You can easily install Ruby and Rails with RVM, the Ruby Version Manager. RVM also lets you manage and work with multiple Ruby environments.
In this guide, you’ll install RVM on a Debian 8 server, and then use RVM to install a stable version of Ruby on Rails. Once things are working, you’ll learn how to manage multiple versions of Ruby with RVM.
To follow this tutorial, you need:
sudoprivileges. You can set up a user with these privileges in our Initial Server Setup with Debian 8 guide.
The quickest way to install Ruby on Rails with RVM is to run the installation script hosted on the RVM web site.
First, use the
gpg command to contact a public key server and request the RVM project’s key which is used to sign each RVM release. This lets you verify the legitimacy of the RVM release you’ll download. From your home directory, execute the following command:
- gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3
You’ll see the following output:
Outputgpg: directory `/home/sammy/.gnupg' created gpg: new configuration file `/home/sammy/.gnupg/gpg.conf' created gpg: WARNING: options in `/home/sammy/.gnupg/gpg.conf' are not yet active during this run gpg: keyring `/home/sammy/.gnupg/secring.gpg' created gpg: keyring `/home/sammy/.gnupg/pubring.gpg' created gpg: requesting key D39DC0E3 from hkp server keys.gnupg.net gpg: /home/sammy/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created gpg: key D39DC0E3: public key "Michal Papis (RVM signing) <email@example.com>" imported gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)
Next, use the
curl command to download the RVM installation script from the project’s website. The backslash that leads the command ensures that we are using the regular
curl command and not any altered, aliased version.
- \curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io -o rvm.sh
-s flag indicates that the utility should operate in silent mode, while the
-S flag tells
curl to still show errors if it fails. The
-L flag follows any redirects, and the
-o flag writes output to a file instead of standard output.
To audit the contents of the script before applying it, open it in a text editor to view its contents:
- nano rvm.sh
Once you’re comfortable with the script’s contents, [pipe] (https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/an-introduction-to-linux-i-o-redirection#pipes) the script to
bash to install the latest stable Rails version, which will also pull in the associated latest stable release of Ruby.
- cat rvm.sh | bash -s stable --rails
During the installation process, you will be prompted for your regular user’s password.
Output... Checking requirements for debian. Installing requirements for debian. Updating system sammy password required for 'apt-get --quiet --yes update':
Enter your password and RVM will install the tools it needs to build and compile Ruby.
Output... Installing required packages: gawk, g++, gcc, make, libc6-dev, libreadline6-dev, zlib1g-dev, libssl-dev, libyaml-dev, libsqlite3-dev, sqlite3, autoconf, libgmp-dev, libgdbm-dev, libncurses5-dev, automake, libtool, bison, pkg-config, libffi-dev Requirements installation successful.
It will then download the latest version of Ruby, the Ruby on Rails framework, and its dependencies.
Output... ruby-2.3.0 - #configure ruby-2.3.0 - #download % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 24.2M 100 24.2M 0 0 31.4M 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 31.4M No checksum for downloaded archive, recording checksum in user configuration. ruby-2.3.0 - #validate archive ruby-2.3.0 - #extract ruby-2.3.0 - #validate binary ruby-2.3.0 - #setup ruby-2.3.0 - #gemset created /home/sammy/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.0@global ruby-2.3.0 - #importing gemset /home/sammy/.rvm/gemsets/global.gems.............................. ruby-2.3.0 - #generating global wrappers........ ruby-2.3.0 - #gemset created /home/sammy/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.0 ruby-2.3.0 - #importing gemsetfile /home/sammy/.rvm/gemsets/default.gems evaluated to empty gem list ruby-2.3.0 - #generating default wrappers........ Creating alias default for ruby-2.3.0... ... 36 gems installed * To start using RVM you need to run `source /home/sammy/.rvm/scripts/rvm` in all your open shell windows, in rare cases you need to reopen all shell windows. * To start using rails you need to run `rails new <project_dir>`.
When the installation is complete, source the RVM scripts by typing:
- source ~/.rvm/scripts/rvm
Verify that Ruby is installed via RVM by using the
- which ruby
The output you see should look like this:
You now have a full Ruby on Rails environment configured.
If you need to install a specific version of Ruby for your application, rather than just the most recent one, you can do so with RVM. First, make sure RVM is the most current release. Run this command to update RVM, ensuring that the list of available Ruby versions is up-to-date:
- rvm get stable
Then check to see which versions of Ruby are available by listing them:
- rvm list known
Then, install the specific version of Ruby that you need through RVM, where
ruby_version can be typed as
ruby-2.3.0, for instance, or just
- rvm install ruby_version
After the installation, list the available Ruby versions we have installed by typing:
- rvm list
You can switch between the Ruby versions by typing:
- rvm use ruby_version
Since Rails is a gem, you can also install various versions of Rails by using the
gem command. First, list the valid versions of Rails by doing a search:
- gem search '^rails$' --all
Next, install your desired version of Rails. Note that
rails_version will only refer to the version number, as in
- gem install rails -v rails_version
You can use various Rails versions with each Ruby version by creating gemsets and then installing Rails within those using the normal
- rvm gemset create gemset_name # create a gemset
- rvm ruby_version@gemset_name # specify Ruby version and our new gemset
- gem install rails -v rails_version
Gemsets give self-contained environments for your Ruby applications, and they allow for multiple environments for each version of Ruby that you install. This means you can easily test an application on many versions of Ruby to see what issues you might encounter.
Now that you’ve installed RVM and Ruby on Rails, you can start to develop or deploy web applications. You can learn more about [working with RVM and how to use RVM to manage your Ruby installations] (https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-use-rvm-to-manage-ruby-installations-and-environments-on-a-vps). As your needs grow, you can also scale Ruby on Rails applications across multiple servers.
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