How To Launch Your Site on a New Ubuntu 12.04 Server with LAMP, SFTP, and DNS
This article covers a version of Ubuntu that is no longer supported. If you are currently operate a server running Ubuntu 12.04, we highly recommend upgrading or migrating to a supported version of Ubuntu:
- Upgrade to Ubuntu 14.04.
- Upgrade from Ubuntu 14.04 to Ubuntu 16.04
- Migrate the server data to a supported version
Reason: Ubuntu 12.04 reached end of life (EOL) on April 28, 2017 and no longer receives security patches or updates. This guide is no longer maintained.
This guide might still be useful as a reference, but may not work on other Ubuntu releases. If available, we strongly recommend using a guide written for the version of Ubuntu you are using. You can use the search functionality at the top of the page to find a more recent version.
This article will take you from a fresh, new server to an online, working site. There are a variety of tutorials in our Community that separately will help you accomplish each step in the process. The following article will combine the relevant articles into a cohesive step by step to guide to set up your personal site on an Ubuntu server.
Step One—Create your Server
The first step to getting your site online is creating your VPS. You can find the information on how to launch your cloud server in our Getting Started Tutorial
Step Two—Basic Server Setup
After you have created your first server, you can start to secure it and create new users. Although this step is not required, nor are all the changes made in the tutorial necessary, it will begin to secure your server: Initial Server Setup.
Step Three—Install LAMP
Subsequently, we need to start setting up the server programs. A strong foundation for the server is the traditional LAMP stack: Linux (automatically installed on the server), Apache, MySQL, and PHP, a web server, database server and programming language, respectively.
Prior to setting up our personal site, we need to be sure that LAMP Stack is installed on the server.
Step Four—Set Up Your Domain
In order to ensure that your site will be up and visible, you should set up your DNS to point your domain towards your new server. The basic setup is almost all automatic, requiring you to only enter your domain and the IP address of the server that you are looking to host your site on.
You can find more information on Setting Up a Hostname by following the link.
Step Five—Connect with SFTP
Now your site should be up and connected, and, once the records have propagated, you should be able to see the standard Apache, "It Works!" page by visiting your domain in the browser. If you would like to visit your site before the records have been updated, you can access it by typing your server's IP address in the browser. Now it is time to bring out the big guns: ie. Customizing your setup so that you can upload your own pages to your site. In order to do this, you need to install and configure an SFTP client.
Filezilla is a great program to use.
You can download Filezilla from their site.
Once it’s downloaded and installed, start it running.
To begin transferring files, open up the Filezilla and within the file manager, open up the site manager options:
- Click on the new site button. You can double click the name of the entry to change the name
- Put your domain name (or IP address if your domain has not propagated yet) in the host field
- Fill in your username and password with the username “root” and the password you set earlier
- Click connect
Clicking connect will now allow you to transfer files from your computer to your server and build your site: be sure to drag them from your local directory on your left into your web directory (very likely /var/www) in frame on the right: